Today is Saturday, Oct. 31, the 305th day of 2020 with 61 to follow.
This is Halloween.
The moon is full. Morning stars are Mars, Neptune, Uranus and Venus. Evening stars are Jupiter, Mars, Mercury, Neptune, Saturn and Uranus.
Those born on this date are under the sign of Scorpio. They include Dutch painter Jan Vermeer in 1632; Pope Clement XIV in 1705; English poet John Keats in 1795; Girl Scouts founder Juliette Gordon Low in 1860; Gen. Chiang Kai-shek, the first leader of Nationalist China, in 1887; actor/singer Ethel Waters in 1896; actor Lee Grant in 1925 (age 95); astronaut Michael Collins in 1930 (age 90); former TV news anchorman Dan Rather in 1931 (age 89); actor/director Michael Landon in 1936; folk singer/songwriter Tom Paxton in 1937 (age 83); actor David Ogden Stiers in 1942; actor Brian Doyle-Murray in 1945 (age 75); actor Stephen Rea in 1946 (age 74); actor Deidre Hall in 1947 (age 73); actor John Candy in 1950; Olympic gold medal marathon runner Frank Shorter in 1947 (age 73); broadcaster Jane Pauley in 1950 (age 70); architect Zaha Hadid in 1950; actor Brian Stokes Mitchell in 1957 (age 63); New Zealand director/producer Peter Jackson in 1961 (age 59); actor Rob Schneider in 1963 (age 57); rapper Ad-Rock, born Adam Horovitz, in 1966 (age 54); rapper Vanilla Ice, born Robert Matthew Van Winkle, in 1967 (age 53); actor Piper Perabo in 1976 (age 44); actor Eddie Kaye Thomas in 1980 (age 40); actor Vanessa Marano in 1992 (age 28); actor Letitia Wright in 1993 (age 27); actor Sydney Park in 1997 (age 23); singer Willow Smith in 2000 (age 20).
On this date in history:
In 1517, Martin Luther began the Protestant Reformation by nailing a proclamation -- the 95 theses -- to the door of a church in Wittenberg, Germany.
In 1864, Nevada was admitted to the United States as the 36th state.
In 1926, Harry Houdini, renowned magician, illusionist and escape artist, died of peritonitis in a Detroit hospital following a blow to the abdomen.
In 1931, with the Great Depression in full swing, the U.S. Treasury Department announced that 827 banks had failed during the previous two months.
In 1941, the Mount Rushmore National Memorial in South Dakota -- consisting of the sculpted heads of U.S. Presidents George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln and Teddy Roosevelt -- was completed.
In 1968, U.S. President Lyndon Johnson announced a halt to the bombing of North Vietnam.
In 1985, salvage divers located the remains of the booty-laden pirate ship Whydah, which sank Feb. 17, 1717, off Cape Cod, Mass.
In 2004, Iranian lawmakers chanted, "Death to America!" after a unanimous vote to allow their government to resume uranium enrichment activities.
In 2010, Brazilians elected Dilma Rousseff as their first female president. The former energy minister and choice of outgoing President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva defeated Jose Serra in a runoff with 56 percent of the vote. Rousseff won a second term Oct. 26, 2014.
In 2014, SpaceShipTwo, Virgin Galactic's effort in spaceflight for tourists, crashed during a test flight in the Mojave Desert, killing one of the pilots and seriously injuring the other.
In 2015, Russian airliner Metrojet Flight 9268 crashed after taking off from Sharm el-Sheikh International Airport in Egypt, killing all 224 on board. Investigators suspected a bomb on the plane caused the crash.
A thought for the day: "Writing isn't about making money, getting famous, getting dates, getting laid, or making friends. In the end, it's about enriching the lives of those who will read your work, and enriching your own life, as well." -- American author Stephen King