The Almanac

By United Press International   |   Sept. 19, 2005 at 3:30 AM
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Today is Monday, Sept. 19, the 262nd day of 2005 with 103 to follow.

The moon is waning. The morning stars are Mars and Saturn. The evening stars are Mercury, Jupiter, Uranus, Neptune, Venus and Pluto.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Virgo. They include Irvin Westheimer, who founded the American "Big Brothers" movement, in 1879; Watergate prosecutor Leon Jaworski in 1905; retired U.S. Supreme Court Justice Lewis Powell in 1907; author William Golding ("Lord of the Flies") in 1911; actors Adam West (TV's Batman) in 1929 (age 76) and David McCallum in 1933 (age 72); singer/songwriter Paul Williams and singer Bill Medley of The Righteous Brothers, both in 1940 (age 65); actors Randolph Mantooth in 1945 (age 60) and Jeremy Irons in 1948 (age 57); model and actress Twiggy, whose real name is Leslie Hornsby, in 1949 (age 56); Joan Lunden in 1950 (age 55); actor/director Kevin Hooks in 1958 (age 47); and country singer Trisha Yearwood in 1964 (age 41).

On this date in history:

In 1777, American soldiers won the first Battle of Saratoga in the Revolutionary War.

In 1881, President James Garfield died in Elberon, N.J., of gunshot wounds inflicted by a disgruntled office-seeker. Vice President Chester Arthur was sworn in as his successor.

In 1893, with the signing of the Electoral Bill by Gov. Lord Glasgow, New Zealand became the first country in the world to grant national voting rights to women.

In 1955, after a decade of rule, Argentine President Juan Domingo Peron was deposed in a military coup.

In 1985, an earthquake collapsed hundreds of buildings and killed 7,000 people in Mexico City's worst disaster.

In 1988, U.S. swimmer Greg Louganis took the gold medal in three-meter springboard diving at the Seoul Olympics after hitting his head on the board during preliminary competition.

In 1991, the U.N. Security Council authorized Iraq to sell $1.6 billion in oil to buy food and essential supplies.

In 1994, the first 3,000 U.S. troops entered Port-au-Prince, Haiti, on a mission to ensure democracy had returned to the Caribbean nation.

In 1995, The Washington Post published the 35,000-word manifesto written by the notorious Unabomber, who had said he wouldn't try to kill again if it was published. The Post and The New York Times shared the costs of publication.

In 2001, in the aftermath of the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks, the Defense Department ordered deployment of combat aircraft to the Persian Gulf, Indian Ocean, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan. The following day, the Army said ground troops were being sent to the region.

In 2003, the U.N. General Assembly overwhelmingly approved a non-binding resolution telling Israel to drop plans to deport Palestinian Chairman Yasser Arafat.

In 2004, Iran refused a plea by the International Atomic Energy Agency to end its enrichment of uranium, usually a first step toward producing fuel for nuclear reactors or bombs. Iran says it has only peaceful purposes in mind.

A thought for the day: Gen. Omar Bradley said, "The world has achieved brilliance without conscience. Ours is a world of nuclear giants and ethical infants."

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