Today is Tuesday, Oct. 15, the 288th day of 2019 with 77 to follow.
The moon is waning. Morning stars are Mars, Neptune and Uranus. Evening stars are Jupiter, Mercury, Neptune, Saturn, Uranus and Venus.
Those born on this date are under the sign of Libra. They include Roman poet Virgil in 70 B.C.; German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche in 1844; U.S. first lady Edith Wilson in 1872; English writer/humorist P.G. Wodehouse in 1881; author Mario Puzo in 1920; former Chrysler Corp. Chairman Lee Iacocca in 1924; singer Barry McGuire in 1935 (age 84); actor Linda Lavin in 1937 (age 82); actor/director Penny Marshall in 1943; Nobel Peace Prize recipient David Trimble in 1944 (age 75); baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Jim Palmer in 1945 (age 74); pop singer Richard Carpenter in 1946 (age 73); singer Tito Jackson in 1953 (age 66); actor Tanya Roberts in 1955 (age 64); Sarah Ferguson, duchess of York, in 1959 (age 60); chef Emeril Lagasse in 1959 (age 60); singer Ginuwine, born Elgin Baylor Lumpkin, in 1970 (age 49); singer Keyshia Cole in 1981 (age 38); actor Bailee Madison in 1999 (age 20).
On this date in history:
In 1894, Alfred Dreyfus was arrested for treason. He was accused of passing sensitive information regarding new advances in military technology to the Germans.
In 1912, John Schrank, a former New York saloonkeeper, said he was sorry his bullet did not kill former president Theodore Roosevelt.
In 1914, Karl H. Von Wiegand, United Press correspondent, is the first newspaper correspondent to reach the battle front in Russian Poland.
In 1917, the most famous spy of World War I, Gertrude Zelle, better known as Mata Hari, was executed by a firing squad outside Paris. Zelle was an exotic dancer who admitted to giving the Germans information but insisted it was only to learn secrets to slip to the French.
In 1951, I Love Lucy, TV's first long-running sitcom, made its debut. In 2012, it was named the greatest U.S. television show of all time according to an ABC News/People Magazine poll.
In 1966, Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale founded the Black Panther Party (originally the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense) with the goal of harnessing anger within the Black community and channeling it into a political force.
In 1984, astronomers in Pasadena, Calif., displayed the first photographic evidence of another solar system 293 trillion miles from Earth.
In 1989, the Los Angeles Kings' Wayne Gretzky, playing against his former team, the Edmonton Oilers, in the Canadian city, broke Gordie Howe's all-time NHL scoring record with a late-game goal that raised his career regular season points total to 1,851, including 1,669 when he was with the Oilers. Gretzky retired a decade later with 2,857 regular-season points, one of his many NHL records.
In 1990, Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. Muscovites shrugged indifferently and even reacted with hostility over Gorbachev's award, noting the empty store shelves and warning he may face a popular uprising.
In 1991, the Senate confirmed Clarence Thomas as an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court by a vote of 52-48, the closest confirmation vote in court history.
In 1992, a man who terrorized the Russian city of Rostov-on-Don for more than a decade with a series of more than 50 grisly killings was sentenced to death.
In 1993, the Pentagon censured three U.S. Navy admirals who organized the 1991 Tailhook Association convention during which many women had been subjected to abuse and indignities by junior officers.
In 1994, Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide returned to Haiti three years after being driven into exile by a military coup.
In 1999, the Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to the international group Doctors Without Borders.
In 2003, 11 people were killed and dozens injured when a New York ferry, transporting passengers from Manhattan, slammed into a pier on Staten Island.
In 2017, actor Alyssa Milano launched the #MeToo social media campaign, encouraging victims of sexual assault to break their silence and share their stories in the wake of accusations against Harvey Weinstein.
In 2018, Sears Holdings filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy and announced plans to close nearly 150 stores by the end of the year.