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UPI Almanac for Sunday, March 19, 2017

On March 19, 1916, eight Curtiss JN-3 "Jenny" airplanes with the First Aero Squadron took off from Columbus, N.M., to aid troops that had invaded Mexico in pursuit of the bandit Pancho Villa. It was the first U.S. air combat mission in history.

By United Press International
UPI Almanac for Sunday, March 19, 2017
Lieutenant Carleton G. Chapman of the 1st Aero Squadron, U.S.A. Aviation Corps, leaving Casas Grandes, Mexico on a scouting mission during the 1916-1917 Pancho Villa Expedition in Mexico. File Photo by Library of Congress/UPI

Today is Sunday, March 19, the 78th day of 2017 with 287 to follow.

The moon is waning. Morning stars are Jupiter, Saturn, Neptune and Venus. Evening stars are Mercury, Venus, Uranus and Mars.

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Those born on this date are under the sign of Pisces. They include Plymouth Colony Gov. William Bradford in 1590; signer of the Declaration of Independence Thomas McKean in 1734; Scottish explorer of Africa David Livingstone in 1813; British explorer Richard Burton in 1821; U.S. Marshal Wyatt Earp in 1848; politician/lawyer William Jennings Bryan in 1860; U.S. Army Gen. Joseph Stilwell in 1883; Chief U.S. Supreme Court Justice Earl Warren in 1891; comedian Moms Mabley in 1894; Watergate Judge John Sirica in 1904; actor Patrick McGoohan in 1928; author Philip Roth in 1933 (age 84); actor Ursula Andress in 1936 (age 81); actor Glenn Close in 1947 (age 70); film producer Harvey Weinstein in 1952 (age 65); actor Bruce Willis in 1955 (age 62); Eduardo Severin, co-founder of Facebook in 1982 (age 35); baseball player Clayton Kershaw in 1988 (age 29).

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On this date in history:

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In 1909, financier J.P. Morgan, during a meeting with King Victor Emmanuel II of Italy in Rome, pledged to help wipe out the black hand and similar criminal societies in the United States through education.

In 1916, eight Curtiss JN-3 "Jenny" airplanes with the First Aero Squadron took off from Columbus, N.M., to aid troops that had invaded Mexico in pursuit of the bandit Pancho Villa. It was the first U.S. air combat mission in history.

In 1918, the U.S. Congress passed the Standard Time Act, which authorized the Interstate Commerce Commission to establish standard time zones.

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In 1931, the Nevada Legislature voted to legalize gambling.

In 1942, with World War II underway, all U.S. men between the ages of 45 and 64, about 13 million, were ordered to register with draft boards in what was sometimes called the "old man's draft."

In 1953, legendary filmmaker Cecil B. DeMille won the only Academy Award of his career when The Greatest Show on Earth, a big-budget extravaganza about circus life, was acclaimed the Best Picture.

In 1962, singer-songwriter Bob Dylan releases his debut album, Bob Dylan, on Columbia Records.

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In 1987, South Carolina televangelist Jim Bakker resigned as head of the PTL Club, saying he was blackmailed after a sexual encounter with a former church secretary.

In 2005, Pakistan successfully tested a nuclear-capable missile with a range of 1,250 miles.

In 2008, U.S. President George W. Bush marked the fifth anniversary of the invasion of Iraq by calling it a fight the United States "can and must win." He said removing Saddam Hussein from power "was the right decision."

In 2011, former U.S. Secretary of State Warren Christopher died of cancer at the age of 85.

In 2013, U.S. researchers said the Iraq War killed 190,000 people, including 134,000 civilians, and cost the U.S. taxpayer $2.2 trillion.

In 2014, the U.S. Justice Department announced that Toyota Motor Corp. admitted to deceiving regulators about automobile safety defects and agreed to pay $1.2 billion, the largest penalty ever imposed on an automaker.


A thought for the day: "Older men declare war but it is youth that must fight and die." -- Herbert Hoover

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