Today is Thursday, Oct. 27, the 301st day of 2016 with 65 to follow.
The moon is waning. Morning stars are Neptune, Uranus, Jupiter and Mercury. Evening stars are Venus, Saturn, Mars, Neptune and Uranus.
Those born on this date are under the sign of Scorpio. They include English explorer Capt. James Cook in 1728; Italian violin virtuoso Niccolo Paganini in 1782; sewing machine developer Isaac Singer in 1811; Swedish pacifist and Nobel Peace Prize laureate Klas Pontus Arnoldson in 1844; Theodore Roosevelt, 26th president of the United States and Nobel Peace Prize laureate, in 1858; etiquette arbiter Emily Post in 1872; longtime "Tonight Show" producer/director Fred de Cordova in 1910; Welsh poet Dylan Thomas in 1914; actors Nanette Fabray in 1920 (age 96) and Ruby Dee in 1924; baseball Hall of Fame member Ralph Kiner in 1922; pop artist Roy Lichtenstein in 1923; former Secretary of State Warren Christopher in 1925; Nixon aide H.R. Haldeman in 1926; poet Sylvia Plath in 1932; pop pianist Floyd Cramer in 1933; comedian John Cleese in 1939 (age 77); country singer Lee Greenwood in 1942 (age 74); former Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva in 1945 (age 71); Canadian filmmaker Ivan Reitman in 1946 (age 70); writer Fran Lebowitz in 1950 (age 66); actors Carrie Snodgress in 1945, Roberto Benigni in 1952 (age 64) and Robert Picardo in 1953 (age 63); singer Simon Le Bon in 1958 (age 58); blogger-political commentator Matt Drudge in 1966 (age 50); and television personality Kelly Osbourne in 1984 (age 32).
On this date in history:
In 1682, the city of Philadelphia was founded by William Penn to serve as the capital of the Pennsylvania Colony.
In 1787, a New York newspaper published the first of 77 essays explaining the new Constitution and urging its ratification. The essays were written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison and John Jay (and later combined as "The Federalist Papers)."
In 1795, a treaty with Spain settled Florida's northern boundary and gave navigation rights on the Mississippi River to the United States.
In 1904, the first rapid transit subway system in America opened in New York City.
In 1946, the travel show "Geographically Speaking," sponsored by Bristol-Myers, became the first television program with a commercial sponsor.
In 1954, Marilyn Monroe and Joe DiMaggio divorced, Among the issues that ended their much-publicized marriage was a blowup over her famous scene in "The Seven-Year Itch" in which a blast of air lifts her skirt. The marriage lasted nine months.
In 1962, Major Rudolf Anderson, a U-2 pilot in the United States Air Force, is shot down during a reconnaissance mission over Cuba. His death makes him the only direct casualty of the Cuban Missile Crisis.
In 1998, Hurricane Mitch, one of the strongest recorded Atlantic storms, began a four-day siege of Central America, causing at least 10,000 deaths.
In 2009, the Federal Aviation Administration revoked the licenses of two Northwest Airlines pilots who overshot their Minneapolis destination by 150 miles after becoming distracted while working on laptop computers.
In 2011, most "Occupy" demonstrations on economic matters that began on Wall Street and spread across the United States were peaceful. But a rally in Oakland, Calif., turned violent when police used force to keep protesters from setting up a tent camp in a downtown plaza from which they had been evicted earlier.
A thought for the day: "A hot dog at the ballpark is better than steak at the Ritz." -- Humphrey Bogart