The almanac

United Press International

Today is Wednesday, Oct. 16, the 289th day of 2013 with 76 to follow.

The moon is waxing. The morning stars are Jupiter and Mars. The evening stars are Mercury, Neptune, Saturn, Uranus and Venus.


Those born on this day are under the sign of Libra. They include lexicographer Noah Webster in 1758; Irish author and dramatist Oscar Wilde in 1854; British statesman and Nobel Peace Prize laureate Austen Chamberlain in 1863; David Ben-Gurion, Israel's first prime minister, in 1886; playwright Eugene O'Neill in 1888; Irish revolutionist Michael Collins in 1890; Supreme Court Justice William O.e Douglas in 1898; baseball Hall of Fame member Goose Goslin in 1900; orchestra leader and songwriter Bert Kaempfert in 1923; German novelist Gunter Grass in 1927 (age 86); actors Linda Darnell in 1923, Angela Lansbury in 1925 (age 88), Nico in 1938, Barry Corbin in 1940 (age 73) and Suzanne Somers in 1946 (age 67); basketball Hall of Fame member Dave DeBusschere in 1940; Rock and Roll Hall of Fame member Bob Weir (Grateful Dead) and film director David Zucker, both in 1947 (age 66); actors Tim Robbins in 1958 (age 55) and Kellie Martin in 1975 (age 38); Rock and Roll Hall of Fame member Flea (born Michael Balzary) (Red Hot Chili Peppers) in 1962 (age 51); and musician John Mayer in 1977 (age 36).


On this date in history:

In 1701, Yale University was founded.

In 1793, French Queen Marie Antoinette was beheaded.

In 1859, abolitionist John Brown led a raid on the federal arsenal at Harper's Ferry, Va. He was convicted of treason and hanged.

In 1868, America's first department store, ZCMI, opened in Salt Lake City.

In 1875, Brigham Young University was founded in Provo, Utah.

In 1916, the nation's first birth-control clinic was opened in New York by Margaret Sanger and two other women.

In 1946, at Nuremberg, Germany, 10 high-ranking Nazi officials were executed by hanging for World War II war crimes. Hermann Goering, founder of the Gestapo and chief of the German air force, was to have been among them but he committed suicide in his cell the night before.

In 1964, China detonated its first atomic bomb.

In 1972, a light plane carrying House Democratic leader Hale Boggs of Louisiana and three other men was reported missing in Alaska. The plane was never found.

In 1973, Le Duc Tho and Henry Kissinger were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.


In 1978, Karol Jozef Wojtyla was elected pope and took the name John Paul II.

In 1984, black Anglican Bishop Desmond Tutu of South Africa won the Nobel Peace Prize for his struggle against apartheid.

In 1991, George Hennard killed 22 people and then took his own life after driving his pickup truck through the front window of Luby's Cafeteria in Killeen, Texas.

In 2003, the U.N. Security Council unanimously passed a resolution endorsing a U.S.-led multinational force in Iraq.

In 2004, the World Health Organization said smoke from home stoves and fires in developing countries had become a major cause of death and disease.

In 2010, France was rocked by another day of massive protests against President Nicolas Sarkozy's plan to raise the retirement age. Estimates of the number of demonstrators in Paris and 200 other cities neared 3 million.

In 2011, British race car driver Don Wheldon, 33-year-old two-time winner of the Indianapolis 500, died after a 15-car pileup at the Las Vegas Motor Speedway.

In 2012, the U.S. Supreme Court refused to block early voting in Ohio. The rejection, a victory for Democrats, meant all Ohio voters, not just the military, would be allowed to vote early on the weekend and Monday before Election Day.


A thought for the day: Irish author and dramatist Oscar Wilde's dying words were said to have been, "This wallpaper is killing me; one of us has got to go."

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