Experts call Hess insane at present

November 27 1945
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NUREMBERG, Nov. 27, 1945 (UP) -- While secret Nazi documents, disclosing Germany's long preparations for war, were introduced at the war crimes trial today, it was learned that Allied medical experts have decided almost unanimously that Rudolf Hess is temporarily insane.

Reliable informants said the war crimes tribunal is expected to hand down a decision Friday dismissing Hess from trial until he is cured.

The tribunal is expected to order Hess to submit to a narcotic treatment used in neuro-psychiatric cases, combined with shock treatment. Experts believe his nervous amnesia condition can be cured in 15 to 30 days.

The secret documents disclosed that German naval leaders sabotaged the Versailles Treaty and began to build up the basis of a submarine fleet in Holland, Spain and Finland even before the Hitler regime.

They also revealed that on Nov. 7, 1943, Col. Gen. Alfred Jodl, then military adviser to Adolf Hitler and now in the prisoners' dock here, admitted in a secret speech to Nazi leaders that the turning point of the war had been reached, that Germany was on the defensive, that defeatism was spreading through the country and that victory was possible only by a miracle.

United States Prosecutor Sidney Alderman submitted to the court one by one documents which showed:

1-On July 12, 1938, the Nazis led by Reichmarshal Hermann Goering scheduled the production of 4,000 tons of poison gas a month, to be increased to 8,000 tons a month Oct. 1, 1940.

2-Hjalmar Schacht, financier, told Hitler May 3, 1935, that everything must be and was being subordinated to financing rearmament.

3-Before they got in office in 1933 the Nazis detailed plans to build up a secret air force.

4-The fighting forces were directed on Oct. 25, 1933, to prepare for guerrilla resistance in case Nazi violation of the Versailles Treaty disarmament clauses resulted in an Allied attack.

The international military tribunal ordered selected defense lawyers to defend German organizations named in the four-count indictment as guilty in mass of war crimes-the German Cabinet, the Nazi Leadership Corps, the S.S., the S.A., the Gestapo, the High Command and the General Staff.

It was announced that the British, prosecuting Count 2 of the indictment next week-the Americans are now prosecuting Count 1-would introduce the Versailles Treaty in evidence.

German naval cheating on the Versailles Treaty started in the early 1920's with secret instructions to save coastal batteries and Helgoland naval base installations from destruction, Prosecutor Alderman showed. The German naval command acted with the secret connivance of pre-Hitler governments but behind the backs of legislative bodies, he showed.

Grand-Adm. Erich Raeder, former commander in chief of the navy and now a defendant here, was revealed as the father of a reborn German navy. Most damning of a series of documents introduced was a book he distributed in 1937 disclosing three phases of secret rearmament-the end of World War I to 1928; 1928 to Hitler's accession in 1933 and 1933 to 1935, when rearmament became open.

On the basis of the book and other secret documents Alderman showed:

1-Naval leaders started developing submarines in Holland under cover and established "naval industrial bureaus" in Spain and Finland.

2-The navy built a 250-ton submarine in Spain, trained submarine crews in Spain and Finland, and laid plans for a naval air force.

3-After Hitler got in power, he told Raeder Nov. 2, 1934, that he would order the Nazi labor front to turn over between 120,000,000 and 150,000,000 marks ($48,000,000 and $60,000,000) to the navy for secret rearmament.

4-In 1932, before Hitler, Raeder ordered the building of torpedo-equipped speed boats. The torpedo tubes were stored in arsenals, ready for installation, and the vents for them in the boats were covered by metal plates.

5-Cruisers scheduled for completion in 1935 were budgeted as transports.

6-False figures were given on tonnage of the battleships Scharnhorst and Gneisenau and the Scharnhorst, officially listed as of 26,000 tons, was actually 31,600 tons. (Long after its sinking the Scharnhorst was still listed as of 26,000 tons.)

7-Orders were given in 1934 to list the super-battleships Bismarck and Tirpitz, which eventually proved to be in the 45,000-ton class, as "improved 10,000-ton" ships.

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