Advocates said the proposals introduced Thursday before Mexico City's Legislative Assembly and the federal parliament would be a partial decriminalization of marijuana, the Los Angeles Times reported.
The Mexico City bill would direct police and judges to make prosecution of marijuana violations under some circumstances a lower priority. It would create "dissuasion commissions" where some violators could be sent for administrative sanctions outside the traditional criminal court process.
The Mexico City bill would direct the government to designate spaces in the city where marijuana could be sold without fear of prosecution, provided certain criteria were met.
The federal bill would allow for the use of medical marijuana, and give states and the Mexico City government a greater say in setting drug policy, the Times said.
The federal bill would increase the amount of marijuana allowed for personal use from 5 grams to 30 grams. The measure would also hike personal limits for LSD, methamphetamine and cocaine.