Capt. Alexander Kuvshinov from the Vladivostok seaport reported the incident Thursday.
ITAR-Tass said trawler Alanet's engine failed and those on the ship are stranded.
Officials said stormy weather was creating 13-foot waves and winds of 33-40 miles per hour.
Kuvshinov said the ship is in Japan's zone of responsibility and Japanese rescuers are heading to help the sailors.
The Alanet is owned by Kamchatka company Kamchatrybprom.
Notable deaths of 2014 [PHOTOS]