U.S. President Donald Trump shakes hands with Polish President Andrzej Duda during a Polish-American reception at the White House in Washington, D.C., on June 12, 2019. Photo by Zach Gibson/UPI | License Photo
Nov. 11 (UPI) -- Poland officially joined the U.S. Visa Waiver Program Monday, the same day as Polish Independence Day.
The program allows Poles to spend up to 90 days in the United States without a visa. Poland is the first country added since 2014. To qualify, the number of Polish citizens who are refused U.S. visas had to fall below 3 percent. That number was well over 25 percent in 2006. In 2018, the number dropped to 3.99 percent, mostly from Poles who overstayed their visas.
An estimated 23 million travelers arrived through the program from various countries in 2017, generating $190 billion in economic activity in the United States.
"The inclusion of Poland into the Visa Waiver Program is a testament to the special relationship that exists between our two countries, and the ongoing friendship and close cooperation on our joint security priorities," Acting Secretary of Homeland Security Kevin McAleenan said. "We look forward to continuing to work with the Polish government as we deepen our security cooperation as well as make travel easier for our citizens."
President Donald Trump signed the preliminary authorization to admit Poland to the program on Oct. 4, and it went into effect Monday.
Some are concerned that Poland gave up too many concessions to make the deal happen.
Poland was the only country on the European Union's visa-free travel list to not get that privilege in the United States.
"Poles are very pro-American," Visegrad Insight senior associate Marcin Zaborowski told Al Jazeera. "It influences our political decisions, such as participating in the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. We back the U.S. in the United Nations. We hosted a [U.S.-led] Middle East Summit in February."
LOT Polish Airlines launched an education campaign to choose the correct visa type so Poles wouldn't run afoul of U.S. immigration.
Managing director at the American Chamber of Commerce in Poland Dorota Dabrowska-Winterscheid said the final impetus came from U.S. ambassador to Poland Georgette Mosbacher.
[Mosbacher] took lead of the issue, and became its face," Dabrowska-Winterscheid told Al Jazeera. "Perhaps until now we were simply missing such a leader. During our meetings, she would speak about the problem and ask firms directly."
The United States recently stationed 1,000 additional troops in Poland as the "cherry on top" for U.S-Polish relations, said Professor Arthur Wroblewski, a lecturer in American studies at Warsaw Lazarski University.
American Airlines will launch the first route from Chicago to Krakow in 2020 while LOT Polish Airlines will increase seats on current routes to the United States by 20 percent.
But it's a different type of aircraft that could be motivating the decision.
"In exchange for the visas, which have little practical meaning, we were willing to offer to buy F-35 planes, which we do not need at all," Zabrowski said.