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If you're looking for a cut-rate F-16 or a Merkava tank...

TEL AVIV, Israel, July 15 (UPI) -- Israel's military is planning to hold a bargain basement sale of aircraft, tanks and navy missile ships that are being made redundant under a revolutionary, multi-year program to restructure the Jewish state's armed forces to meet new challenges.

Egyptian Princess Fawzia, first wife of Iran's shah, dies at 92

CAIRO, July 3 (UPI) -- Egyptian Princess Fawzia Fuad, the first wife of the late shah of Iran, has died, her family announced on social media. She was 92.
Polls open as six vie to become Iran's next president

Polls open as six vie to become Iran's next president

TEHRAN, June 14 (UPI) -- As millions of Iranians cast ballots in the country's presidential election, one candidate has been reaching out to reformists in recent days.
Iran: Khamenei the real winner in presidential election

Iran: Khamenei the real winner in presidential election

TEHRAN, June 13 (UPI) -- With the Revolutionary Guards poised to crash down on any political protests, Iran goes to the polls Friday in a presidential election in which the real winner will be the Islamic Republic's dour supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.

Reformist withdraws from Iran's presidential race

TEHRAN, June 11 (UPI) -- Former Iranian vice president Mohammad Reza Aref said Tuesday he had dropped out of the country's presidential race, only three days before the election.

Iranian presidential debate focuses on culture

TEHRAN, June 5 (UPI) -- Iranians can counter Western influences and strengthen their own nation through a better understanding of Iranian culture, a presidential candidate said.

Iran has funds to develop South Pars

TEHRAN, May 21 (UPI) -- Iran will invest $16 billion in development of the offshore South Pars gas complex over the next 10 months, a natural gas company director said.

Iran starts get-out-the-vote drive

TEHRAN, April 22 (UPI) -- Iranian voters have an opportunity to make a statement to the country's enemies by turning out for June elections, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad said.
Iranian presidential field growing

Iranian presidential field growing

TEHRAN, March 25 (UPI) -- Deputy speaker of the Iranian Parliament Mohammad Hassan Aboutorabi-Fard announced he's running for president in June's elections.
Iran encouraging high voter turnout

Iran encouraging high voter turnout

TEHRAN, March 21 (UPI) -- Iranians need to honor the call from the Iranian supreme leader and turn out for June presidential elections, the cultural and guidance minister said.

Queue grows for Iranian president

TEHRAN, March 18 (UPI) -- Former Iranian Minister of Housing and Urban Development Mohammad Saeedikia said Monday he was competing for the presidency.

UPI NewsTrack TopNews

News from United Press International, around the world around the clock ...

Iranians attend Islamic Revolution rallies

TEHRAN, Feb. 10 (UPI) -- Thousands of Iranians rallied Sunday to mark the 34th anniversary of the 1979 Islamic Revolution and the ouster of the U.S.-backed Pahlavi regime.

The Iranian cliff

WASHINGTON, Jan. 9 (UPI) -- If 2012 turned out to be the year of the "Cliff Hanger," what will 2013 bring? Consider the "Iranian cliff."
HARLAN ULLMAN, UPI Outside View Commentator

Iran outwits sanctions, but feels pinch

DUBAI, United Arab Emirates, Dec. 20 (UPI) -- U.S. and European sanctions are taking their toll of Iran's economy, even though Tehran has become adept at getting around them to sell its oil, its economic lifeline.
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Mohammad Reza
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Mohammad-Rezā Shāh Pahlavi, Shah of Iran, (Persian: محمدرضا شاه پهلوی, pronounced ) (26 October 1919 – 27 July 1980), was the emperor of Iran from 16 September 1941, until his overthrow by the Iranian Revolution on 11 February 1979. He was the second and last monarch of the House of Pahlavi of the Iranian monarchy. Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi held several imperial titles: His Imperial Majesty, Shahanshah (King of Kings, Emperor), Aryamehr (Light of the Aryans) and Bozorg Arteshtārān (Head of the Warriors, Persian: بزرگ ارتشتاران).

The Shah came to power during World War II after an Anglo-Soviet invasion forced the abdication of his father, Reza Shah. Mohammad Reza Shah's rule oversaw the nationalization of the Iranian oil industry under the prime ministership of Mohammad Mosaddeq. During the Shah's reign, Iran marked the anniversary of 2,500 years of continuous monarchy since the founding of the Persian Empire by Cyrus the Great. His White Revolution, a series of economic and social reforms intended to transform Iran into a global power, succeeded in modernizing the nation, nationalizing many natural resources and extending suffrage to women, among other things. However, the decline of the traditional power of the Shi'a clergy due to parts of the reforms increased opposition.

While a Muslim himself, the Shah gradually lost support from the Shi'a clergy of Iran, particularly due to his strong policy of modernization, secularization and conflict with the traditional class of merchants known as bazaari, and recognition of Israel. Clashes with the Islamists, increased communist activity and a 1953 period of political disagreements with Mohammad Mosaddeq, eventually leading to Mosaddeq's ousting, caused an increasingly autocratic rule. In 2000, U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine K. Albright stated:

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Mohammad Reza."
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