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UPI Almanac for Monday, Oct. 27, 2014

UPI Almanac for Monday, Oct. 27, 2014

Today is Monday, Oct. 27, the 300th day of 2014 with 65 to follow.
By United Press International

Groupon says calling Alexander Hamilton president a joke

CHICAGO, Feb. 17 (UPI) -- Chicago coupon website Groupon said Monday its "President Alexander Hamilton" promotion was just a Presidents' Day stunt.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Saturday, Jan. 11, 2014.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Sunday, Oct. 27, 2013.
By United Press International
Most U.S. Founding Fathers were age 40 and younger

Most U.S. Founding Fathers were age 40 and younger

CHICAGO, Aug. 18 (UPI) -- Portraits of the U.S. founding fathers often portray them with white powdered wigs and many think they were older than the young men they were, an expert says.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Thursday, July 11, 2013.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Friday, Jan. 11, 2013.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Saturday, Oct. 27, 2012.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Wednesday, July 11, 2012.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Wednesday, Jan. 11, 2012.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Thursday, Oct. 27, 2011.
By United Press International

Archives obtains Hamilton tax letter

WASHINGTON, Sept. 25 (UPI) -- The U.S. National Archives in Washington said it has obtained a 219-year old Alexander Hamilton letter about alcohol tariffs.

Historic home moved in New York

NEW YORK, June 8 (UPI) -- The historic New York home of the first U.S. treasury secretary, Alexander Hamilton, has been moved to its new spot in St. Nicholas Park, officials say.

'John Adams' miniseries to premiere in Va.

RICHMOND, Va., Feb. 27 (UPI) -- HBO announced Wednesday it is planning to premiere its historical miniseries "John Adams" at the Byrd Theatre in Richmond, Va.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Friday, Jan. 11, 2008.
By United Press International
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Photos
Alexander Hamilton
NYP2001081322 - 13 AUGUST 2001 - NEW YORK, NEW YORK, USA: The Hamilton Grange National Memorial, former home of Alexander Hamilton, one of America's founding fathers, pictured August 10, 2001, will be moved to a new location near it's current one in upper Manhattan, New York. The Federal-style country house was Hamilton's home until he died in a duel with Aaron Burr in 1804. rlw/mg/Monika Graff UPI
Wiki

Alexander Hamilton (January 11, 1755 or 1757  – July 12, 1804) was a Founding Father, soldier, economist, political philosopher, one of America's first constitutional lawyers and the first United States Secretary of the Treasury. He has been described as one who "more than any other designed the Government of the United States": As Secretary of the Treasury, Hamilton was the primary author of the economic policies of the George Washington Administration, especially the funding of the state debts by the Federal government, the establishment of a national bank, a system of tariffs, and friendly trade relations with Britain. He became the leader of the Federalist Party, created largely in support of his views, and was opposed by the Democratic-Republican Party, led by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison.

A believer in a militarily strong national government, Hamilton served in the American Revolutionary War. At the start of the war, he organized an artillery company and was chosen as its captain. He later became the senior aide-de-camp and confidant to General George Washington, the American commander-in-chief. He served again under Washington in the army raised to defeat the Whiskey Rebellion, a tax revolt of western farmers in 1794. In 1798, Hamilton called for mobilization against France after the XYZ Affair, and secured an appointment as commander of a new army, which he trained to prepare for a war. Although hard-fought at sea, however, the Quasi-War was never officially declared. In the end, Adams found a diplomatic solution that avoided war.

Born and raised in the West Indies, Hamilton came to North America for his education, sponsored by people from his community. He attended King's College (now Columbia University). After the American Revolutionary War, Hamilton was elected to the Continental Congress from New York. He resigned to practice law and founded the Bank of New York. He was among those dissatisfied with the first national governance document, the Articles of Confederation. While serving in the New York Legislature, Hamilton was sent as a delegate to the Annapolis Convention in 1786 to revise the Articles, but it resulted in a call for a new constitution instead. He was one of New York's delegates at the Philadelphia Convention that drafted the new constitution in 1787, and was the only New Yorker who signed it. In support of the new Constitution, Hamilton wrote much of the Federalist Papers, still an important source for Constitutional interpretation. In the new government under President George Washington, he was appointed the Secretary of the Treasury. An admirer of British political systems, Hamilton was a nationalist who emphasized strong central government and successfully argued that the implied powers of the Constitution could be used to fund the national debt, assume state debts, and create the government-owned Bank of the United States. These programs were funded primarily by a tariff on imports and a highly controversial excise tax on whiskey.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Alexander Hamilton."
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