Abdullah Abdullah (Persian: عبدالله عبدالله) is an Afghan politician and a doctor of medicine. He was an adviser and friend to Ahmad Shah Massoud, legendary anti-Taliban leader and commander known as the "Lion of Panjshir". After the fall of the Taliban regime, Dr. Abdullah served as Afghanistan's Foreign Minister from 2001 until 2005. In 2009 Abdullah ran as an independent candidate in the Afghan presidential election and came in second place with 30.5% of the total votes. On November 1, 2009, Abdullah quit the runoff election that would have taken place six days later, on November 7, due to large-scale allegations of fraud against his opponent Hamid Karzai. In 2010 Abdullah created the Coalition for Change and Hope which is the leading democratic opposition movement in Afghanistan.
Abdullah was born in Kabul, Afghanistan in 1960. Until he became a government minister, he had only one name, Abdullah; demands from Western newspaper editors for a second name led him to adopt the name Abdullah Abdullah. Like most Afghans, he was raised in a devout Muslim family. Abdullah Abdullah is of mixed Tajik and Pashtun ethnicity. His father, Ghullam Muhayuddin Khan, was from the Kandahar region, and was a high ranking government official who had risen through the ranks. Abdullah's early years were split between living in Kandahar and Kabul, where his father was serving as an administrator in the land survey and subsequently the inspection section of the Prime Minister’s office. A number of his ancestors had worked in the court of the royal house of Afghanistan in past centuries.
Eventually, Abdullah’s family settled in Kabul where his father was appointed as a senator by King Zahir Shah. Abdullah’s father had a great impact on his son's life.