Kahne's No.9 Budweiser Dodge circled the 2.5-mile tri-oval at a speed of 70.219 mph.
It was the first pole victory this season for the Coca-Cola 600 winner and the 15th of his Sprint Cup career.
"This has always been a pretty good racetrack for us," Kahne said of the Pocono Raceway. "We made hardly any adjustments from practice. Our car is really well balanced and it felt perfect."
Kahne is joined on the front row by two-time defending Sprint Cup points champion Jimmie Johnson.
Other drivers of note and their starting positions: Carl Edwards (sixth); Dale Earnhardt Jr. (seventh); Kyle Busch (10th); Kurt Busch (11th); Tony Stewart (12th); Matt Kenseth (13th); Dario Franchitti (14th); Jeff Burton (20th); and Jeff Gordon (38th).