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The Almanac

By United Press International   |   April 27, 2005 at 3:30 AM   |   Comments

Today is Wednesday, April 27, the 117th day of 2005 with 248 to follow.

The moon is waning. The morning stars are Mars, Neptune, Uranus, Mercury and Pluto. The evening stars are Venus, Jupiter and Saturn.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Taurus. They include English historian Edward Gibbon in 1737; Samuel F.B. Morse, American artist and inventor of magnetic telegraphy, in 1791; Ulysses S. Grant, Civil War general and 18th president of the United States, in 1822; Wallace Carothers, inventor of nylon, in 1896; English poet C. Day Lewis in 1904; actor Jack Klugman in 1922 (age 83); Coretta Scott King, widow of civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr., in 1927 (age 78); radio/TV host Casey Kasem in 1932 (age 73), actress Sandy Dennis in 1937; and pop singer Sheena Easton in 1959 (age 46).


On this date in history:

In 1521, Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan was killed by natives of the Philippine islands as he attempted to be the first to circumnavigate the world. His co-leader, Juan Sebastian de Elcano, completed the voyage in 1522.

In 1850, the American-owned steamship "The Atlantic" began regular trans-Atlantic passenger service. It was the first U.S. vessel to challenge what had been a British monopoly.

In 1865, the steamship Sultana, heavily overloaded with an estimated 2,300 passengers -- most of them Union soldiers en route home -- exploded on the Mississippi River just north of Memphis. The death toll in the worst maritime disaster in American history was set at 1,450.

In 1937, the first Social Security payment was made in the United States.

In 1984, an 11-day siege of Libya's London embassy that began with the shooting of a policewoman ended. Britain broke diplomatic relations with Libya over the incident.

In 1987, Attorney General Edwin Meese barred Austrian President Kurt Waldheim from the United States, citing the alleged role of the former United Nations secretary-general in Nazi war crimes.

In 1991, an estimated 70 tornadoes hit Kansas, Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Missouri, Nebraska and Iowa, killing 23 people and leaving thousands homeless.

Also in 1991, the first group of Kurdish refugees to return to Iraq arrived by U.S. military helicopter at a safe haven near the Turkish border.

In 1993, Kuwait said it had foiled an Iraqi plot to assassinate former President Bush during his visit earlier in the month.

Also in 1993, the final vote tallies showed Russia's Boris Yeltsin winning a solid victory in a referendum on his presidency and economic reforms.

In 1994, former President Nixon was buried at the Richard Nixon Library and Birthplace in Yorba Linda, Calif.

Also in 1994, fighting flared anew in Rwanda only one day after separate cease-fires by rival tribes took effect.

And in 1994, Virginia executed a condemned killer in the first case in which DNA testing was used to obtain a conviction.

In 1997, authorities surrounded the "embassy" of a separatist group calling itself the Republic of Texas after its armed members took a couple hostage near Fort Davis, Texas. The standoff ended May 3 with the arrests or surrender of a total of 13 people, including leader Richard McLaren.

In 2000, New York Mayor Rudolph Giuliani announced he had prostate cancer but said he hoped to continue is campaign for the U.S. Senate. He later dropped out of the race.

In 2001, 65 demonstrators were arrested on the Puerto Rican island of Vieques as they protested its use by the U.S. Navy for bombing exercises.

In 2003, Taiwan said it would bar visitors from China, Hong Kong, Canada and Singapore to prevent the spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome, widely known as SARS.

Also in 2003, Mohammed Mohsen al-Zubaidi, an Iraqi exile who proclaimed himself mayor of Baghdad, was arrested by U.S. military forces in downtown Baghdad.

In 2004, Congressional Democrats rolled out their plan for winning the war on terror, calling for an intelligence czar and a "Marshall Plan" for the Middle East.

Also in 2004, U.S. military units moved into positions once held by Spanish troops outside the holy city of Najaf, sparking fighting that killed some 40 insurgents.


A thought for the day: it was Laurence J. Peter who said, "Fortune knocks but once, but misfortune has much more patience."

© 2005 United Press International, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Any reproduction, republication, redistribution and/or modification of any UPI content is expressly prohibited without UPI's prior written consent.
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