Today is Friday, Nov. 20, the 325th day of 2020 with 41 to follow.
The moon is waxing. Morning stars are Mars, Mercury, Neptune, Uranus and Venus. Evening stars are Jupiter, Mars, Neptune, Saturn and Uranus.
Those born on this date are under the sign of Scorpio. They include Pope Pius VIII in 1761; Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis, first commissioner of baseball, in 1866; astronomer Edwin Hubble in 1889; author Nadine Gordimer in 1923; U.S. Sen. Robert F. Kennedy, D-N.Y., in 1925; actor Kaye Ballard in 1925; actor Estelle Parsons in 1927 (age 93); author Don DeLillo in 1936 (age 84); musician/comedian Dick Smothers of the Smothers Brothers in 1939 (age 81); President-elect Joe Biden in 1942 (age 78); actor Veronica Hamel in 1943 (age 77); Rock and Roll Hall of Fame member Duane Allman in 1946; Russian Orthodox Patriarch Kirill I in 1946 (age 74); Rock and Roll Hall of Fame member Joe Walsh in 1947 (age 73); former national security adviser John Bolton in 1948 (age 72); actor/model Bo Derek in 1956 (age 64); Goodluck Jonathan, former president of Nigeria, in 1957 (age 63); actor Sean Young in 1959 (age 61); actor Ming-Na Wen in 1963 (age 57); actor Joel McHale in 1971 (age 49); country singer Dierks Bentley in 1975 (age 45); U.S. Olympic gold medal gymnast Dominique Dawes in 1976 (age 44); rapper Future, born Nayvadius DeMun Wilburn, in 1983 (age 37); actor Jeremy Jordan in 1984 (age 36); actor Demetrius Shipp Jr. in 1988 (age 32).
On this date in history:
In 1789, New Jersey became the first state to ratify the Bill of Rights.
In 1910, the Plan de San Luis Potosi was issued by Francisco I. Madero calling for the overthrow of the Mexican government led by Porfirio Diaz. This marked the beginning of the 10-year Mexican Revolution.
In 1945, 24 German leaders went on trial at Nuremberg before the International War Crimes Tribunal.
In 1947, Princess Elizabeth, the future Queen Elizabeth II of England, married Philip Mountbatten.
In 1969, the Occupation of Alcatraz began as Native American activists seized control of the island prison. It took 19 months to remove the activists from the rock.
In 1975, Generalissimo Francisco Franco of Spain died.
In 1986, the World Health Organization announced a coordinated global effort against AIDS. WHO said there were 34,448 reported cases of AIDS worldwide.
In 1992, fire erupted at Windsor Castle, Queen Elizabeth's official residence west of London, causing much damage. The queen and Prince Andrew helped save priceless artworks and other valuables kept in the castle.
In 1998, Zarya, the first module that would make up the International Space Station, was launched from Kazakhstan.
In 2007, Ian Smith, the former Rhodesian prime minister who led his South African white-minority government through a violence-wracked era until the end of white rule in 1979, died at 88 after a long illness.
In 2009, Hamid Karzai was sworn in, to begin his second five-year term as president of Afghanistan vowing his army would have full control of the country's security by the time he left office.
In 2012, Church of England elders, in a close vote, decided not to allow women to become bishops.
In 2014, President Barack Obama took executive action to grant temporary legal status to millions of undocumented immigrants. His order created the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals and Deferred Action for Parents of Americans programs.
In 2019, Britain's Prince Andrew announced plans to step back from his public duties as a member of the royal family after facing criticism for his relationship with convicted sex offender Jeffrey Epstein.
A thought for the day: "The sole meaning of life is to serve humanity." -- Russian writer Leo Tolstoy