UPI Almanac for Saturday, Feb. 28, 2015

Republican Party founded, Vancouver Olympics close ... on this date in history
By United Press International  |  Feb. 28, 2015 at 3:30 AM
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Today is Saturday, Feb. 28, the 59th day of 2015 with 306 to follow.

The moon is waxing. Morning stars are Mercury and Saturn. Evening stars are Jupiter, Mars, Neptune, Uranus and Venus.


Those born on this date are under the sign of Pisces. They include French essayist Michel de Montaigne in 1533; journalist and screenwriter Ben Hecht in 1894; chemist and physicist Linus Pauling, twice winner of the Nobel Prize (peace and chemistry), in 1901; movie director Vincente Minnelli in 1903; cartoonist Milton Caniff ("Terry and the Pirates," "Steve Canyon") in 1907; actor Billie Bird in 1908; actor Zero Mostel in 1915; actor Charles Durning in 1923; Svetlana Alliluyeva, daughter of Soviet dictator Josef Stalin, in 1926; architect Frank Gehry in 1929 (age 86); actor Gavin MacLeod in 1931 (age 84); Hall of Fame basketball Coach Dean Smith in 1931 (age 84); dancer Tommy Tune in 1939 (age 76); former race car driver Mario Andretti in 1940 (age 75); musician Brian Jones (Rolling Stones) in 1942; former U.S. Secretary of Energy Steven Chu in 1948 (age 67); actor Bernadette Peters in 1948 (age 67); actor Mercedes Ruehl in 1948 (age 67); newspaper columnist and Nobel laureate Paul Krugman in 1953 (age 62); comedian Gilbert Gottfried in 1955 (age 60); actor John Turturro in 1957 (age 58); actor Rae Dawn Chong in 1961 (age 54); actor Robert Sean Leonard in 1969 (age 46); former NHL player Eric Lindros in 1973 (age 42).


On this date in history:

In 1784, the Methodist Church was chartered by John Wesley.

In 1844, an explosion rocked the "war steamer" USS Princeton after it test-fired one of its guns. The blast killed or wounded a number of top U.S. government officials who were aboard.

In 1854, the Republican Party was founded at a meeting in Ripon, Wis.

In 1885, the American Telephone and Telegraph Co. was incorporated in New York as a subsidiary of American Bell Telephone.

In 1935, nylon was invented by DuPont researcher Wallace Carothers.

In 1942, Japanese forces landed in Java, the last Allied bastion in the Dutch East Indies.

In 1983, the concluding episode of the long-running television series "M*A*S*H" drew what was then the largest TV audience in U.S. history.

In 1986, Swedish Prime Minister Olof Palme was assassinated on a street in Stockholm.

In 1992, a bomb blast blamed on the IRA ripped through a London railway station, injuring at least 30 people and shutting down the British capital's rail and subway system.

In 1993, federal agents attempting to serve warrants on the Branch Davidian religious cult's compound near Waco, Texas, were met with gunfire that left at least five people dead and 15 wounded and marked the start of a month-and-a-half-long standoff.

In 1994, NATO was involved in combat for the first time in its 45-year history when four U.S. fighter planes operating under NATO auspices shot down four Serb planes that had violated the U.N. no-fly zone in central Bosnia.

In 1996, Britain's Prince Charles and Princess Diana agreed to divorce after 15 years of marriage.

In 2005, at least 125 Iraqi police recruits and others were killed in a suicide bomb attack on a crowd outside a government office south of Baghdad.

In 2008, Prince Harry, third in line for the British throne, was pulled from the front lines in Afghanistan immediately after word got out that he was on army duty. He had spent 10 weeks in the war zone.

In 2009, radio broadcasting icon Paul Harvey, who entertained generations of listeners with his news and comments, died. He was 90.

In 2010, the Winter Olympics came to a close in Vancouver, with host Canada winning the most gold medals (14) and the United States first in overall medals (37).

In 2013, children fare as well with same-sex parents as traditional parents, the American Sociological Association said in a brief filed with the U.S. Supreme Court.

In 2014, Drought-stricken Southern California was hit by a storm that dropped more rain in one day than had fallen in many months.


A thought for the day: "Your name is the most important thing you own. Don't ever do anything to disgrace or cheapen it." -- Ben Hogan

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