The almanac

United Press International

Today is Thursday, Nov. 10, the 314th day of 2011 with 51 to follow.

The moon is full. The morning stars are Mercury, Neptune, Uranus, Jupiter and Venus. Evening stars are Saturn and Mars.


Those born on this date are under the sign of Scorpio. They include Martin Luther, founder of Protestantism, in 1483; William Hogarth, English artist and engraver, in 1697; Irish author Oliver Goldsmith in 1730; actors Claude Rains in 1889, Richard Burton in 1925 and Roy Scheider in 1932; singer Jane Froman in 1907; bandleader/trumpet/arranger Billy May in 1916; radio and television announcer George Fenneman in 1919; American Indian rights activist/actor Russell Means in 1939 (age 72); lyricist Tim Rice in 1944 (age 67); country singer Donna Fargo in 1945 (age 66); rock musicians Greg Lake and Dave Loggins, both in 1947 (age 64); actors Ann Reinking in 1949 (age 62) and Mackenzie Phillips in 1959 (age 52); filmmaker Roland Emmerich in 1955 (age 56); comedian Sinbad, born David Adkins, in 1956 (age 55); and actors Tracy Morgan in 1968 (age 43) and Brittany Murphy in 1977 (age 34).


On this date in history:

In 1775, the U.S. Marine Corps was formed by order of the Continental Congress.

In 1871, journalist Henry Stanley found missing Scottish missionary David Livingstone in a small African village. His famous comment: "Dr. Livingstone, I presume?"

In 1917, 41 women from 15 U.S. states were arrested outside the White House for suffragette demonstrations. U.S. women won the right to vote three years later.

In 1951, area codes were introduced in the United States, Canada and parts of the Caribbean, allowing direct-dialing of long-distance telephone calls.

In 1969, "Sesame Street" premiered on PBS.

In 1975, the ore freighter Edmund Fitzgerald broke in two and sank during a storm on Lake Superior, killing all 29 crew members. It was the worst Great Lakes ship disaster of the decade.

In 1982, Soviet President Leonid Brezhnev died at age 75 after 18 years in power.

In 1983, Microsoft released its Windows computer operating system.

In 1989, Bulgaria's long-reigning, hard-line president Todor Zhivkov resigned as democratic reform continued to sweep the Eastern bloc.

Also in 1994, the only privately owned manuscript of Italian Renaissance artist Leonardo da Vinci was sold at auction at Christie's in New York for $30.8 million, the highest amount paid for a manuscript.


In 1996, a bomb at a Moscow cemetery killed 11 and injured one dozen other people.

In 2002, the U.S. House of Representatives voted to allow U.S. President George W. Bush to take unilateral military action against Saddam Hussein's regime in Iraq without conditions beyond Congress being informed almost immediately.

In 2003, Lee Malvo, one of two suspects in the rash of sniper shootings in the Washington area, pleaded innocent as his trial opened in Chesapeake, Va. The trial overlapped that of the other suspect, John Muhammad, in Virginia Beach, Va.

In 2004, Shell Hydrogen opened the first hydrogen outlet at a retail gasoline station in Washington to service fuel cell vehicles from General Motors.

Also in 2004, an Israeli parliamentary committee approved a bill prohibiting pensions to families of suicide bombers.

In 2005, a bomb explosion in a central Baghdad restaurant killed at least 34 people and wounded 25 others.

In 2006, Mexico City lawmakers officially recognized same-sex civil unions, subject to approval by the mayor.

In 2007, Bank of America, CitiGroup and JPMorgan Chase, the nation's three biggest banks, agreed to a simplified structure for a reported $75 billion fund designed to stabilize U.S. credit markets.


In 2008, close to 30 people were reported killed and more than 60 were injured when three bombs went off within minutes in northern Baghdad during the morning commute.

In 2009, John Allen Muhammad, convicted as the sniper who killed 10 people in a 2002 shooting spree in the Washington area, was executed in Virginia.

In 2010, the intensity and frequency of volcanic eruptions on Java's Mount Merapi subsided after about three weeks but soon resumed. By the time the eruptions ended in early December the death toll was put at 353 with more than 300,000 displaced.

Also in 2010, clashes between Moroccan forces and the independence-seeking Polisario Front broke out in Western Sahara, an area disputed since the 1970s.

A thought for the day: Irish author Oliver Goldsmith said, "A book may be amusing with numerous errors or it may be very dull without a single absurdity."

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