U.S. vows steady pressure on Venezuela

U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson said sanctioning oil was an obvious diplomatic tool against Nicolas Maduro.
By Daniel J. Graeber  |  Feb. 9, 2018 at 5:48 AM
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Feb. 9 (UPI) -- With oil-related sanctions on the table, the U.S. government said it remains committed to pressuring Venezuela as it prepares for presidential elections.

The Venezuelan government announced plans to hold early presidential elections April 22. Opposition parties and many of the governments in North America have criticized the vote, arguing incumbent President Nicolas Maduro has rigged the process in his favor.

Heather Nauert, a spokeswoman for the U.S. State Department, said after the election announcement that it was "unfortunate the Maduro regime is not courageous enough to contest elections on a level playing field."

U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson said repeatedly during his recent tour of Latin America that targeting one of Venezuela's top sources of revenue -- crude oil - with sanctions was under consideration.

"Obviously, sanctioning the oil or in effect prohibiting the oil to be sold in the United States, or for the United States as well to sell or provide oil to Venezuela, or refined products, is something we continue to consider," he said Sunday during a meeting with his alongside Argentinean counterpart, Jorge Faurie.

Washington already imposed sanctions on Venezuelan government and military officials in December in response to allegations of corruption and repression under the Maduro administration. New oil-related sanctions would strike a severe blow to an economy where inflation is running out of control.

According to the International Monetary Fund, inflation in Venezuela could increase by as much as 13,000 percent this year. Real gross domestic product is projected to fall by about 15 percent for a cumulative GDP decline of almost 50 percent since 2013.

High debt and U.S. sanctions are limiting financing for the state oil company, Petróleos de Venezuela, or PDVSA.

"We will continue to pressure the regime to restore the integrity of the Venezuelan constitution," the U.S. State Department spokeswoman said.

Secondary sources reporting to economists at the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries said member state Venezuela produced on average 1.7 million barrels of oil per day in December, down from the 2016 average of around 2.1 million barrels of oil.

Commodity pricing group S&P Global Platts reported January production from Venezuela declined another 60,000 barrels per day to reach a low not seen since labor strikes hit the nation's oil sector in the early 2000s.

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