Stalin inscription angers survivors

Stalin inscription angers survivors

MOSCOW, Sept. 25 (UPI) -- The inscription above the refurbished entrance hall of Moscow's Kuskaya Metro Station is not popular with people who remember Joseph Stalin, they say.

Historian says Stalin ordered famine

KIEV, Ukraine, March 16 (UPI) -- A 1930s famine that killed millions in Ukraine was ordered by Joseph Stalin to stifle aspirations of independence from Moscow, says an expert on the genocide.

Georgians show mixed feelings about Stalin

GORI, Georgia, Oct. 1 (UPI) -- The nation of Georgia has a complex relationship with its most famous son -- the late Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin, residents say.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Tuesday, Aug. 5, 2008.
By United Press International

Watercooler Stories

German card game features Hitler, Stalin ... Catfish stroll on land through Fla. town ... Students walk out after cheat plan fails ... Man promoting anti-Democratic Party song ... Watercooler stories from UPI.

German card game features Hitler, Stalin

BERLIN, July 16 (UPI) -- A Berlin-based publisher has raised eyebrows with a card game that includes images and information on famous dictators, including Adolf Hitler.

Analysis: China's crisis-handling problem

HONG KONG, March 7 (UPI) -- China is not prepared to handle a large-scale external crisis -- particularly in the Taiwan Strait -- it can be concluded after assessing the nation's hardware, including ammunition supplies and fuel reserves, as well as the quality of its military personnel.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Friday, Dec. 21, 2007.
By United Press International

Shimon Peres rebukes Iran

JERUSALEM, Oct. 18 (UPI) -- Israeli President Shimon Peres on Thursday made dire comparisons of Iran’s president and the despotic regimes of Adolf Hitler and Joseph Stalin.

Commentary: Not since Stalin

WASHINGTON, Oct. 17 (UPI) -- The last visit by a Russian leader to Iran was by Joseph Stalin in December 1943 for a secret summit with Franklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill. The British leader wanted the next major allied invasion to target Europe’s soft underbelly in the Balkans. The Soviet dictator and the U.S. president outvoted him. Thus, the decision was reached to make the invasion of France, which took place seven months later in 1944, the next geostrategic priority. This second summit, 64 years later, could also prove momentous -- down the road.

Putin shrugs off assassination threat

WIESBADEN, Germany, Oct. 15 (UPI) -- Russian President Vladimir Putin said countries should stop "scaring" Iran and resolve a nuclear dispute through negotiations rather than fear.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Wednesday, Sept. 12, 2007.
By United Press International

Red Army veteran facing genocide charge

TALLINN, Estonia, Aug. 22 (UPI) -- Arnold Meri, a veteran of the Soviet Union's Red Army, is facing a genocide charge for his alleged involvement in the forced deportation of Estonians in 1949.

The Almanac

UPI almanac for Sunday, Aug. 5, 2007.

Poland plans to remove communist memorials

WARSAW, Poland, May 18 (UPI) -- Poland's ruling conservative party plans to introduce a law that would remove public symbols of the 40-year communist era, Polish Radio said Friday.
Page 3 of 6
Joseph Stalin
Russian actors dressed as Soviet founder Vladimir Lenin (L) and General Secretary of the Soviet communist party Joseph Stalin pose for photographers in Moscow April 22, 2006. Today Russian communist supporters mark the 136th anniversary of the birth of Lenin.(UPI Photo/Anatoli Zhdanov)

(Georgian: იოსებ ბესარიონის ძე ჯუღაშვილი)

Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was the first General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union's Central Committee from 1922 until his death in 1953. While formally the office of the General Secretary was elective and was not initially regarded as the top position in the Soviet state, after Vladimir Lenin's death in 1924, Stalin managed to consolidate more and more power in his hands, gradually putting down all opposition groups within the party. This included Leon Trotsky, the Red Army organizer, proponent of world revolution, and principal critic of Stalin among the early Soviet leaders, who was exiled from the Soviet Union in 1929. Instead, Stalin's idea of socialism in one country became the primary line of the Soviet politics.

In 1928, Stalin replaced the New Economic Policy of the 1920s with a highly centralised command economy and Five-Year Plans, launching a period of rapid industrialization and economic collectivization in the countryside. As a result, the USSR was transformed from a largely agrarian society into a great industrial power, and the basis was provided for its emergence as world's second largest economy after World War II. However, during this period of rapid economical and social changes, millions of people were sent to penal labor camps, including many political convicts, and millions were deported and exiled to remote areas of the Soviet Union. The initial upheaval in the changing agricultural sector disrupted food production in the early 1930s, contributing to the catastrophic Soviet famine of 1932–1933, one of the last major famines in Russia. In 1937–38, a campaign against former members of the communist opposition, potential rivals in the party, and other alleged enemies of the regime culminated in the Great Purge, a period of mass repression in which hundreds of thousands of people were executed, including Red Army leaders convicted in coup d'état plots.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Joseph Stalin."
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