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The almanac

UPI Almanac for Thursday, March 6, 2014.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Wednesday, Dec. 18, 2013.
By United Press International

Long-stored gifts to be displayed at Churchill's home

WESTERHAM, England, Nov. 15 (UPI) -- Britain's National Trust said gifts from world leaders including Franklin Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin will be displayed at Winston Churchill's England home.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Thursday, Sept. 12, 2013.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Wednesday, Aug. 21, 2013.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Monday, Aug. 5, 2013.
By United Press International

Latvian bill would ban Soviet, Nazi symbols

RIGA, Latvia, June 21 (UPI) -- The Latvian parliament has given final approval to a bill banning the public display of all Soviet and Nazi symbols and the use of their anthems.

Remains of 11 people in Moscow buried in 1930s

MOSCOW, May 14 (UPI) -- Police in Moscow said Tuesday the remains of 11 people discovered last week were initially buried approximately 80 years ago.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Wednesday, March 6, 2013.
By United Press International

Stalin monument to be restored in hometown

GORI, Georgia, Dec. 21 (UPI) -- A monument to Joseph Stalin that was removed in 2010 in his native town in Georgia is to be put back in the community's central square, officials said Friday.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Tuesday, Dec. 18, 2012.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Wednesday, Sept. 12, 2012.
By United Press International

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Tuesday, Aug. 21, 2012.
By United Press International

Poles search for executed hero's remains

WARSAW, Poland, Aug. 9 (UPI) -- Polish authorities say they are searching for the remains of Witold Pilecki, a solider who fought the German occupation that lead to World War II.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Sunday, Aug. 5, 2012.
By United Press International
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Photos
Joseph Stalin
Russian actors dressed as Soviet founder Vladimir Lenin (L) and General Secretary of the Soviet communist party Joseph Stalin pose for photographers in Moscow April 22, 2006. Today Russian communist supporters mark the 136th anniversary of the birth of Lenin.(UPI Photo/Anatoli Zhdanov)
Wiki

(Georgian: იოსებ ბესარიონის ძე ჯუღაშვილი)

Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was the first General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union's Central Committee from 1922 until his death in 1953. While formally the office of the General Secretary was elective and was not initially regarded as the top position in the Soviet state, after Vladimir Lenin's death in 1924, Stalin managed to consolidate more and more power in his hands, gradually putting down all opposition groups within the party. This included Leon Trotsky, the Red Army organizer, proponent of world revolution, and principal critic of Stalin among the early Soviet leaders, who was exiled from the Soviet Union in 1929. Instead, Stalin's idea of socialism in one country became the primary line of the Soviet politics.

In 1928, Stalin replaced the New Economic Policy of the 1920s with a highly centralised command economy and Five-Year Plans, launching a period of rapid industrialization and economic collectivization in the countryside. As a result, the USSR was transformed from a largely agrarian society into a great industrial power, and the basis was provided for its emergence as world's second largest economy after World War II. However, during this period of rapid economical and social changes, millions of people were sent to penal labor camps, including many political convicts, and millions were deported and exiled to remote areas of the Soviet Union. The initial upheaval in the changing agricultural sector disrupted food production in the early 1930s, contributing to the catastrophic Soviet famine of 1932–1933, one of the last major famines in Russia. In 1937–38, a campaign against former members of the communist opposition, potential rivals in the party, and other alleged enemies of the regime culminated in the Great Purge, a period of mass repression in which hundreds of thousands of people were executed, including Red Army leaders convicted in coup d'état plots.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Joseph Stalin."
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