Bernes wins Georgia judicial runoff

ATLANTA, Nov. 24 (UPI) -- Georgia voters have chosen Marietta attorney Debra Bernes to fill a state Court of Appeals vacancy, ending the costliest judicial contest in state history.

Jackson to protest outside Lehman Brothers

CHICAGO, Nov. 12 (UPI) -- Lehman Brothers' handling of retirees' accounts is drawing fire from U.S. civil rights leader Jesse Jackson, who says senior citizens have been victimized.

Jesse Jackson documentary on the market

ATLANTA, Oct. 28 (UPI) -- A Georgia filmmaker, who received ownership rights to a movie about the Rev. Jesse Jackson, reportedly wants to sell and show it at film festivals.

Jacksonville OKs new early-voting sites

JACKSONVILLE, Fla., Oct. 19 (UPI) -- In the face of protests led by civil rights activist Jesse Jackson and others, elections officials are adding early voting sites in Jacksonville, Fla.

Jackson joins Kerry on campaign trail

CLEVELAND, Oct. 4 (UPI) -- The Rev. Jesse Jackson joined Democratic presidential nominee John Kerry at a church on Cleveland's east side and as an adviser.

Jackson joins DNC campaign team

WASHINGTON, Sept. 29 (UPI) -- Civil Rights activist Jesse Jackson has joined the Democratic National Committee's general election team, it was announced Wednesday.

Civil rights group to rate 18 automakers

DETROIT, Sept. 24 (UPI) -- The Chicago-based Rainbow/PUSH Coalition will issue a report early next year ranking the diversity efforts of 18 automakers in hiring, buying and management.

Jackson supports TV People Meters

CHICAGO, Sept. 8 (UPI) -- The Rev. Jesse Jackson, in an open letter to his human rights group, endorses Nielsen Media Research's controversial local People Meter system for TV ratings.

Jackson visits AIDS children in Libya

TRIPOLI, Libya, Aug. 25 (UPI) -- U.S. civil rights activist Jesse Jackson, who is visiting Libya, Wednesday expressed sympathy for AIDS-infected children whom he visited in Benghazi.

Wisconsin Indians bid on Illinois land

LYNWOOD, Ill., Aug. 23 (UPI) -- Wisconsin's Ho-Chunk Indian Nation is ready to start buying up hundreds of acres of land in south suburban Chicago for a casino-entertainment complex.

Jackson: Bush should campaign for Keyes

CHICAGO, Aug. 12 (UPI) -- Rev. Jesse Jackson says President Bush should actively campaign for Illinois U.S. Senate candidate Alan Keyes because Keyes represents the Republican Party.

Boston black leaders blast Jesse Jackson

BOSTON, July 28 (UPI) -- The Rev. Jesse Jackson has infuriated a prominent Boston black leader with incendiary remarks about the city, the Boston Herald reported Wednesday.

Nader wants in at Boston convention

WASHINGTON, July 27 (UPI) -- Liberal independent presidential candidate Ralph Nader asked Democrats Tuesday for credentials that would allow him to attend their presidential convention.

Jackson wants UN to watch U.S. elections

BOSTON, July 27 (UPI) -- The Rev. Jesse Jackson wants United Nations observers to monitor the November U.S. presidential election, the Boston Herald said Tuesday.

Clinton book tour rolls on

CHICAGO, July 1 (UPI) -- Former U.S. President Bill Clinton says Americans can only hope and pray President George W. Bush's democratization plan for Iraq works.
Page 15 of 26
Jesse Jackson
Jesse Jackson listens to speakers during the NAACP's centennial convention held on July 15, 2009 in New York City. The NAACP has been holding a week-long gathering which features numerous speakers and workshops. (UPI Photo/Monika Graff)

Jesse Louis Jackson, Sr. (born October 8, 1941) is an African-American civil rights activist and Baptist minister. He was a candidate for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1984 and 1988 and served as shadow senator for the District of Columbia from 1991 to 1997. He was the founder of both entities that merged to form Rainbow/PUSH. Representative Jesse Jackson, Jr. is his eldest son. In an AP-AOL "Black Voices" poll in February 2006, Jackson was voted "the most important black leader".

Jackson was born Jesse Louis Burns in Greenville, South Carolina, to Helen Burns Straggs, a 16-year-old single mother. His biological father, Noah Louis Robinson, a former professional boxer and a prominent figure in the community, was married to another woman when Jesse was born. He was not involved in his son's life, and died January 28, 1997 in Greenville, S.C. In 1943, two years after Jesse's birth, his mother married Charles Henry Jackson, who would adopt Jesse 14 years later. Jesse went on to take the surname of his stepfather.

Jackson attended Sterling High School, a segregated high school in Greenville, where he was a student-athlete. Upon graduating in 1959, he rejected a contract from a professional baseball team so that he could attend the racially integrated University of Illinois on a football scholarship. One year later, Jackson transferred to North Carolina A&T located in Greensboro, North Carolina. There are differing accounts for the reasons behind this transfer. Jackson claims that the change was based on the school's racial biases which included his being unable to play as a quarterback despite being a star quarterback at his high school. ESPN.com suggests that claims of racial discrimination on the football team may be exaggerated because Illinois's starting quarterback that year was an African American, although it does not mention factors besides the quarterback's race which may have contributed to this perception (such as team dynamics or interpersonal interactions with other players on the team). Jackson also mentions being demoted by his speech professor as an alternate in a public-speaking competition team despite the support of his teammates who elected him a place on the team for his superior abilities. Jackson left Illinois at the end of his second semester after being placed on academic probation.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Jesse Jackson."
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