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UPI Almanac for Saturday, Feb. 13, 2016

Col. Bernard Irwin becomes first Medal of Honor recipient, Allied planes begin bombing campaign over Dresden ... on this date in history.
By United Press International   |   Feb. 13, 2016 at 3:30 AM
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Today is Saturday, Feb. 13, the 44th day of 2016 with 322 to follow.

The moon is waxing. Morning stars are Mercury and Venus. Evening stars are Mars, Saturn, Jupiter, Uranus and Neptune.


Those born on this date are under the sign of Aquarius. They include Bess Truman, wife of former U.S. President Harry Truman, in 1885; artist Grant Wood in 1891; writer Georges Simenon in 1903; golf Hall of Fame member Patty Berg in 1918; singer "Tennessee" Ernie Ford in 1919; football Coach Eddie Robinson in 1919; pilot Chuck Yeager, the first man to fly faster than the speed of sound, in 1923 (age 93); actor Kim Novak in 1933 (age 83); actor George Segal in 1934 (age 82); actor Oliver Reed in 1938; musician Peter Tork of the Monkees in 1942 (age 74); actor Carol Lynley in 1942 (age 74); talk show host Jerry Springer in 1944 (age 72); actor Stockard Channing in 1944 (age 72): singer Peter Gabriel (Genesis) in 1950 (age 66); actor David Naughton in 1951 (age 65); Hall of Fame basketball Coach Mike Krzyzewski in 1947 (age 69); fitness activist Denise Austin in 1957 (age 59).


On this date in history:

In 1635, the Boston Latin School was founded. It is the oldest public school in the United States.

In 1668, Portugal was recognized as an independent nation by Spain.

In 1861, the first Medal of Honor was awarded. It went to Col. Bernard Irwin, an assistant surgeon serving in the first major U.S. Army-Apache conflict.

In 1935, Bruno Richard Hauptmann was convicted of America's most colossal crime, and a jury determined that he would forfeit his life in the electric chair for the murder of baby Charles A. Lindbergh, Jr.

In 1945, thousands of Allied planes started bombing the German city of Dresden in World War II. The attack caused a firestorm that destroyed the city over a three-day period. Reports of the death toll varied widely over the years, with many researchers eventually estimating it was in the 25,000 range.

In 1960, France tested its first atomic weapon.

In 1974, the Soviet Union expelled dissident writer Alexander Solzhenitsyn.

In 1984, Konstantin Chernenko succeeded the late Yuri Andropov as Soviet leader.

In 2001, more than 400 people were killed in an earthquake in El Salvador.

In 2006, a U.N. report accused the United States of violating prisoners' rights at its military base in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.

In 2009, a Continental airlines turboprop commuter plane crashed into a house near Buffalo, N.Y., killing 50 people, including one person in the house.

In 2013, authorities announced that 10 police officers in the Atlanta area had been charged with taking payoffs to protect a drug gang. The U.S. attorney in the city said "the breadth of corruption is troubling."

In 2014, the Afghan government, despite protests from the U.S. military, released 65 suspected members of the Taliban from prison.


A thought for the day: U.S. Sen. Edward M. Kennedy, D-Mass., said, "I hope for an America where we can all contend freely and vigorously, but where we will treasure and guard those standards of civility which alone make this nation safe for both democracy and diversity."

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