Items used in Elizabeth's 1953 coronation -- such as the solid gold St. Edward's Crown and the gold, eagle-shaped bottle from which the holy oil was poured for the queen's anointing -- were on display during Tuesday's ceremony.
At 27, Elizabeth was the 38th sovereign crowned in the abbey, which dates back to the 11th century.
"We do not know what was prayed. Her Majesty knelt at the beginning of a path of demanding devotion and utter self-sacrifice, a path she did not choose, yet to which she was called by God. Today we celebrate 60 years since that moment, 60 years of commitment," the BBC quoted the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Most Rev. Justin Welby, as saying at Tuesday's event.
Other guests at the ceremony were the queen's son Prince Charles, his sons William and Harry, and William's pregnant wife, Kate, the BBC said.
Prince Philip attend the event after staying home from a reception at St. James's Palace for the Royal National Institute of Blind People Monday night because he was feeling unwell, the Daily Mirror said.