UPI Almanac for Wednesday, March 16, 2016

Robert Goddard launched world's first liquid-fuel rocket, William Buckley (in 1984) and Terry Anderson (in 1985) are kidnapped by Hezbollah terrorists in Beirut ... on this date in history.

By United Press International
Closer view of the Agena Target Docking vehicle seen from the Gemini 8 spacecraft during docking maneuvers on March 16, 1966. Photo courtesy NASA
1 of 8 | Closer view of the Agena Target Docking vehicle seen from the Gemini 8 spacecraft during docking maneuvers on March 16, 1966. Photo courtesy NASA

Today is Wednesday, March 16, the 76th day of 2016 with 290 to follow.

The moon is waxing. Morning stars are Mercury, Neptune, Saturn. Evening stars are Jupiter, Mars, Uranus and Venus.


Those born on this date are under the sign of Pisces. They include James Madison, fourth president of the United States, in 1751; German physicist Georg Ohm, a pioneer in the study of electricity, in 1789; comedian Henny Youngman in 1906; German doctor Josef Mengele, known as the "Angel of Death," in 1911; former U.S. first lady Pat Nixon in 1912; actor Mercedes McCambridge in 1916; actor Leo McKern in 1920; entertainer Jerry Lewis in 1926 (age 90); former U.S. Sen. Daniel Patrick Moynihan, D-N.Y., in 1927; filmmaker Bernardo Bertolucci in 1940 (age 76); game-show host Chuck Woolery in 1941 (age 75); singer/songwriter Jerry Jeff Walker in 1942 (age 74); actor Erik Estrada in 1949 (age 67); actor Kate Nelligan in 1951 (age 65); musician Nancy Wilson (Heart) in 1954 (age 62); football Hall of Fame member Ozzie Newsome in 1956 (age 60); rapper Flavor Flav (born William Drayton Jr.) in 1959 (age 57); singer/songwriter Patty Griffin in 1964 (age 52); film director Gore Verbinski in 1964 (age 52); actor Alexandra Daddario in 1986 (age 30); musician Wolfgang Van Halen in 1991 (age 24).


On this date in history:

In 1802, the U.S. Congress authorized the establishment of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, N.Y.

In 1827, Freedom's Journal, the first African-American owned and operated newspaper in the United States, was published in New York.

In 1926, Robert Goddard launched the world's first liquid-fuel rocket.

In 1935, Adolf Hitler denounced the military clauses of the Versailles Treaty and immediately ordered general military conscription in Germany.

In 1945, the Island of Iwo Jima was declared secure by U.S. forces in one of the major World War II conflicts in the Pacific.

In 1956, the Rev. A. Edward Banks became the 25th minister to be arrested for allegedly violating the seldom-used Alabama state anti-boycott law. The boycott of Montgomery, Ala., buses began after Rosa Parks was fined $10 for refusing to surrender her seat to a white person.

In 1966, NASA astronauts Neil Armstrong and David Scott docked their Gemini 8 space vehicle with an Agena craft, a first in orbital history.

In 1968, about 300 Vietnamese villagers died at the hands of U.S. troops in what came to be known as the My Lai massacre.


In 1984, CIA station chief in Beirut, William Buckley, was kidnapped by members of Hezbollah. His captors claimed that they had executed Buckley on October 4, 1985, though it's believed he died of a heart attack sometime in June 1985, following nearly 15 months of torture.

In 1985, Terry Anderson, Beirut bureau chief for the Associated Press, was kidnapped by members of Hezbollah. He would remain in captivity for more than six years, before finally securing his release on December 4, 1991.

In 1994, the International Atomic Energy Agency said North Korea barred its inspectors from checking one of the nation's seven nuclear sites.

In 2009, Japan reported its gross domestic product fell at a 12.7 percent annual rate in the last quarter of 2008, plunging the country into what experts said was its worst financial crisis since World War II.

In 2014, results of a referendum showed that people in Crimea voted overwhelmingly for the autonomous Black Sea peninsula to break from Ukraine and join Russia.

A thought for the day: Albert Einstein wrote, "Science without religion is lame, religion without science is blind."


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