UPI Almanac for Thursday, June 19, 2014

Archduke Maximilian and the Rosenbergs were executed … on this date in history.
By United Press International  |  June 19, 2014 at 3:30 AM
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Today is Thursday, June 19, the 170th day of 2014 with 195 to follow.

The moon is waning. Morning stars are Neptune, Uranus and Venus. Evening stars are Jupiter, Mars, Mercury and Saturn.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Gemini. They include James VI of Scotland, later James I of England, in 1566; French philosopher and mathematician Blaise Pascal in 1623; the Duchess of Windsor, born Bessie Wallis Warfield, in 1896; Moe Howard of the Three Stooges comedy act in 1897; bandleader Guy Lombardo in 1902; baseball Hall of Fame member Lou Gehrig in 1903; former U.S. Sen. Alan Cranston, D-Calif., and musician Lester Flatt, both in 1914; film critic Pauline Kael in 1919; actors Louis Jourdan in 1921 (age 93), Nancy Marchand in 1928 and Gena Rowlands in 1930 (age 84); Myanmar Nobel Peace Prize laureate Aung San Suu Kyi in 1945 (age 69); author Salman Rushdie in 1947 (age 67); actor Phylicia Rashad in 1948 (age 66); musicians Nick Drake in 1948 and Rock and Roll Hall of Fame member Ann Wilson of Heart in 1950 (age 64); actor Kathleen Turner in 1954 (age 60); singer Paula Abdul in 1962 (age 52); political commentator Laura Ingraham in 1964 (age 50); actors Mia Sara in 1967 (age 47), Robin Tunney in 1972 (age 42) and Paul Dano in 1984 (age 30).

On this date in history:

In 325 A.D., the early Christian church opened the general council of Nicaea, which settled on rules for computing the date of Easter.

In 1787, the U.S. Constitutional Convention voted to strike down the Articles of Confederation and form a new government.

In 1846, two amateur baseball teams played under new rules at Hoboken, N.J., planting the first seeds of organized baseball. The New York Nine beat the Knickerbockers, 23-1.

In 1856, the first Republican national convention ended in Philadelphia with the nomination of explorer John Charles Fremont of California for president. (James Buchanan, a Federalist nominated by the Democrats, was elected.)

In 1867, Austrian Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian, installed as emperor of Mexico by French Emperor Napoleon III in 1864, was executed on the orders of Benito Juarez, president of the Mexican Republic.

In 1905, Pittsburgh showman Harry Davis opened the world's first nickelodeon, showing "The Great Train Robbery," a silent Western film. The storefront theater had 96 seats, charged 5 cents and prompted the advent of movie houses across the United States.

In 1910, Spokane, Wash., had the first Father's Day.

In 1943, World War II's Battle of the Philippine Sea began. (Japanese forces tried unsuccessfully to prevent further Allied advancement in the South Pacific.)

In 1953, convicted spies Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were executed.

In 1987, the U.S. Supreme Court struck down a 1981 Louisiana law that required schools to teach the creationist theory of human origin espoused by fundamentalist Christians.

In 2000, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that prayers led by students at public high school football games aren't permitted under the constitutional separation of church and state.

In 2008, U.S. Sen. Barack Obama, D-Ill., the presumptive Democratic presidential nominee, became the first candidate at that level to bypass public financing since the program was established.

In 2011, a stubborn wildfire in Arizona near the New Mexico border had consumed more than half a million acres of land despite efforts of 4,000 firefighters.

In 2012, temperatures on the final day of spring soared to more than 100 degrees in parts of Arizona, California, Colorado, New Mexico and Texas. Death Valley, Calif., topped the list at 115.

In 2013, James Gandolfini, who starred in the gangster drama "The Sopranos," died of a heart attack in Rome. He was 51.

A thought for the day: "Jealousy is an unjust and stifling thing." -- Zane Grey

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