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By ALEX CUKAN, United Press International  |  Nov. 25, 2002 at 3:15 AM
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Americans make a huge mistake by lumping all Islamist movements together, a University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill professor tells United Press International.

Sociologist Charles Kurzman says while all the Islamic groups purport to spread a "purer" way of life based on the word of the prophet Muhammed, local fundamentalist movements like the Taliban are insular with no interest in the outside world, and appeal to the poor with little education outside strict religious schools.

Liberals like those in Iran and followers of former Indonesian president Abdurrahman Wahid, are secularly educated and seek to establish modern states.

Radicals, including al Qaida, Jemaah Islamiyah in Indonesia, and the Islamic Jihad in the Mideast want to establish a new world order.

Kurzman, in an article published in Contexts, the journal of the American Sociological Association, says the West may wind up fueling the more radical movements.

"Any time any Islamic radical anywhere in world commits an act of violence, our tendency is to say al Qaida did it. That's giving them more importance than they deserve. Radicalism is bigger than al Qaida," Kurzman says.

-- Do Americans lump all Islamist movements together?

-- Do you think this could fuel more ill will toward America?

(Thanks to UPI Regional Editor Marcella S. Kreiter)


Media groups and U.S. financial regulators are likely to be at odds over a proposal by the New York Stock Exchange that newspapers carry disclaimers from analysts and investment bankers they quote outlining any relationship with the companies being discussed.

The NYSE wants the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission to enforce such a regulation, the Financial Times reported. A similar rule has applied to broadcast interviews since July.

The rule, it says, was among a package of measure the NYSE board passed following a series of corporate scandals in the United States over the past year.

The newspaper said the SEC was likely to publish the proposal soon for public comment, at which time it was expected that media organizations would respond.

-- Do you think the new rule will help establish more confidence in the markets?

-- Would it have made a difference before the bear market appeared?


Although domestic turkeys were penned and kept by farmers for centuries in the United States, the abundant turkeys found by Europeans in the wild in America had nearly disappeared by the end of the 19th century, United Press International reports.

Overhunting and shooting masses of turkeys for no reason resulted in turkeys almost becoming extinct, according to Karen Davis, author of "More than Meal: The Turkey in History, Myth, Ritual and Reality."

"There's a carnival tradition that goes with turkeys, which we can see in the language -- a turkey means a flop or a failure, it's a symbol of scorn and gobbledygook describes government language impossible to understand."

The National Wild Turkey Federation says there were about 30,000 wild turkeys left by the end of the 19th century but hunting regulations and seasons, plus relocation projects, were instituted and today there are about 5.6 million wild turkeys.

-- Turkey, like buffalo, were shot and killed for no reason. Why?

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