The Almanac

UPI almanac for Saturday, Dec. 23, 2006.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Wednesday, July 19, the 200th day of 2006 with 165 to follow.
By United Press International

Scientists find pectin synthesis protein

ATHENS, Ga., March 21 (UPI) -- University of Georgia scientists report the discovery of a gene that encodes one of the proteins responsible for pectin synthesis.

The Almanac

Today is Friday, Dec. 23, the 357th day of 2005 with eight to follow.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Friday, Dec. 23, the 357th day of 2005 with eight to follow.
By United Press International

Genes linked to prostate cancer

BOSTON, Oct. 28 (UPI) -- A set of genes linked to prostate cancer may pave the way for better tests for prostate cancer as well as targeted therapies, say U.S. researchers.

Cars recording information

DETROIT, Oct. 3 (UPI) -- A majority of new cars in the United States now come equipped with computer technology that can record speed, seat-belt use and other information.

Rice plant genome completed

ROCKVILLE, Md., Aug. 11 (UPI) -- U.S., Chinese, French, Taiwanese, Indian, Thai, Korean, Brazilian and British researchers have completed a genetic map of the rice plant.

The Almanac

Today is Tuesday, July 19, the 200th day of 2005 with 165 to follow.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Thursday, Dec. 23, the 358th day of 2004 with eight to follow.
By United Press International

Blue Planet: Nuclear mountain in deep time

BOULDER, Colo., Nov. 12 (UPI) -- A series by UPI exploring the relationship of humans to the environment. This week: Scientists are straining to design a system to safeguard the nation's nuclear waste in a facility that must function perfectly for longer than all of civilization has exis

Scientists find old 5-toed tracks on beach

DENVER, Nov. 5 (UPI) -- Paleontologists have discovered tracks of five-toed animals that may have been among the first to conquer the land preserved in rock on a Nova Scotia beach.

The Almanac

Today is Monday, July 19, the 201st day of 2004 with 165 to follow.
By United Press International

Fossil find may be earliest arm bone

PHILADELPHIA, April 2 (UPI) -- U.S. scientists said Friday they found a tiny fossil at a rock outcropping in Pennsylvania that could be the earliest example of an arm bone.

Comet lander named for Rosetta Stone site

PARIS, Feb. 9 (UPI) -- Europe's robotic probe, scheduled to land on a comet in 10 years, has been named "Philae" by a 15-year-old girl, BBC News Online reported.
Page 2 of 3

The Rosetta Stone is an Ancient Egyptian artifact which was instrumental in advancing modern understanding of hieroglyphic writing. The stone is a Ptolemaic era stele with carved text made up of three translations of a single passage: two in Egyptian language scripts (hieroglyphic and Demotic) and one in classical Greek. It was created in 196 BC, discovered by the French in 1799 at Rosetta and contributed greatly to the deciphering of the principles of hieroglyph writing in 1822 by the British scientist Thomas Young and the French scholar Jean-François Champollion. Comparative translation of the stone assisted in understanding many previously undecipherable examples of hieroglyphic writing. The text on the stone is a decree from Ptolemy V, describing the repealing of various taxes and instructions to erect statues in temples.

The stone is 114.4 centimetres (45.0 in) high at its highest point, 72.3 centimetres (28.5 in) wide, and 27.9 centimetres (11.0 in) thick. It is unfinished on its sides and reverse. Weighing approximately 760 kilograms (1,700 lb), it was originally thought to be granite or basalt but is currently described as granodiorite of a dark pinkish-gray color. The stone has been on public display at The British Museum since 1802.

In preparation for Napoleon's 1798 campaign in Egypt, the French founded the Institut de l'Égypte in Cairo which brought 167 scientists and archaeologists to the region. French Army engineer Captain Pierre-François Bouchard discovered the stone sometime – the sources are not specific – in mid-July 1799, while guiding construction work at Fort Julien near the Egyptian port city of Rashid (Rosetta). The Napoleonic army was so awestruck by this unheralded spectacle that, according to a witness, "It halted of itself and, by one spontaneous impulse, grounded its arms." (As quoted by Robert Claiborne, The Birth of Writing , p. 24.) After Napoleon returned in 1799, 167 scholars remained behind with French troops which held off British and Ottoman attacks. In March 1801, the British landed on Aboukir Bay and scholars carried the Stone from Cairo to Alexandria alongside the troops of Jacques-Francois Menou. French troops in Cairo capitulated on June 22, and in Alexandria on August 30.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Rosetta Stone."
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