The almanac

UPI Almanac for Thursday, March 20, 2014.
By United Press International

Renewed violence in Darfur raises U.N. attention

KHARTOUM, Sudan, March 4 (UPI) -- The United Nations said it wants guaranteed access to the Darfur region of Sudan to get a better idea of what's leading to an escalation of violence.

Traveling Sudanese president ruffles rights feathers

KINSHASA, Democratic Republic of Congo, Feb. 26 (UPI) -- The Democratic Republic of Congo has a history of working with the international courts and should cooperate regarding Sudan's president, a rights leader said.

Sudan baffled by Security Council action

UNITED NATIONS, Feb. 14 (UPI) -- The Sudanese ambassador to the United Nations said the world panel ignored positive developments while criticizing "some individuals" for ongoing troubles.

Sudan orders Red Cross to halt operations in Darfur

KHARTOUM, Sudan, Feb. 1 (UPI) -- The International Committee of the Red Cross says Sudan has ordered it to stop its work in the Darfur region as of Saturday.

South Sudan manhunt on for ex-vice president after 'attempted coup'

JUBA, South Sudan, Dec. 17 (UPI) -- Presidential Guard troops stormed the compound of former Vice President Riek Machar Tuesday after President Salva Kiir (desk: two I's is correct) Mayardit accused him of masterminding an attempted coup in the fledgling state's capital, Juba, a clash that could affect the country's oil industry, its economic lifeline.
Silence on Darfur deafening, ICC chief says

Silence on Darfur deafening, ICC chief says

UNITED NATIONS, Dec. 12 (UPI) -- Chief Prosecutor at the International Criminal Court Fatou Bensouda told the U.N. Security Council its silence on crimes committed in Darfur was deafening.
Sudanese vice president resigns

Sudanese vice president resigns

Dec. 10 (UPI) -- Sudanese First Vice President Ali Osman Mohamed Taha announced his resignation last Thursday as part of a National Congress Party effort to overhaul the cabinet.
JC Finley

Darfur rebel group frees Sudanese troops

KHARTOUM, Sudan, Nov. 6 (UPI) -- Five Sudanese soldiers were released Wednesday by a rebel group fighting in the restive Darfur region, the International Committee of the Red Cross said.
International Criminal Court turns eye to Darfur

International Criminal Court turns eye to Darfur

UNITED NATIONS, Nov. 1 (UPI) -- The ICC wants to see justice served for crimes committed in Darfur, court President Sang Hyung-song told the U.N. General Assembly.
Sudan, S. Sudan border dispute hinges on AU role

Sudan, S. Sudan border dispute hinges on AU role

UNITED NATIONS, Oct. 25 (UPI) -- A visit to a disputed border region between Sudan and South Sudan may help mend long-standing wounds between both sides, a U.N. envoy said.

S. Sudan, Sudan talks amicable

JUBA, South Sudan, Oct. 23 (UPI) -- Leaders from South Sudan and Sudan were able to remove "much suspicion" during bilateral talks in South Sudan's capital, the Sudanese foreign minister said.
Opposition leader says revolution coming to Sudan

Opposition leader says revolution coming to Sudan

KHARTOUM, Sudan, Oct. 4 (UPI) -- Revolution may be coming to Sudan if the current administration of Omar al-Bashir maintains its grip on power, a member of the opposition said.

AU called to look into Sudanese unrest

PARIS, Oct. 2 (UPI) -- The African Union is called on to respond to a crisis in Sudan that erupted after deadly September demonstrations, an international rights consortium said.

HRW: Shun Bashir visit to United Nations

NEW YORK, Sept. 18 (UPI) -- Human Rights Watch said Wednesday an appearance by Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir at the U.N. General Assembly would be an assault on justice.
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Omar Al-Bashir
Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir attends his official departure ceremony in Tehran, Iran, April 26, 2006. (UPI Photo/Mohammad Kheirkhah)

Omar Hassan Ahmad Al-Bashir (Arabic: عمر حسن أحمد البشير‎; born 1 January 1944) is the current President of Sudan and the head of the National Congress Party. He came to power in 1989 when he, as a brigadier in the Sudanese army, led a group of officers in a bloodless military coup that ousted the government of Prime Minister Sadiq al-Mahdi.

In October 2004, al-Bashir's government negotiated an end to the Second Sudanese Civil War, one of the longest-running and deadliest wars of the 20th century, by granting limited autonomy to Southern Sudan dominated by the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA). Since then, however, there has been a violent conflict in Darfur that has resulted in death tolls between 200,000 and 400,000. During his presidency, there have been several violent struggles between the Janjaweed militia and rebel groups such the Sudanese Liberation Army (SLA) and the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) in the form of guerrilla warfare in the Darfur region. The civil war has resulted in over 2.5 million people being displaced, and the diplomatic relations between Sudan and Chad being at a crisis level.

Al-Bashir is a controversial figure both in Sudan and worldwide. In July 2008, the prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), Luis Moreno Ocampo, accused al-Bashir of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes in Darfur. The court issued an arrest warrant for al-Bashir on 4 March 2009 on counts of war crimes and crimes against humanity, but ruled that there was insufficient evidence to prosecute him for genocide. However, on 12 July 2010, after a lengthy appeal by the prosecution, the Court held that there was indeed sufficient evidence for charges of genocide to be brought and issued a second warrant containing three separate counts. The new warrant, as with the first, will be delivered to the Sudanese government, which is unlikely to execute it. Al-Bashir is the first sitting head of state ever indicted by the ICC as well as the first to be charged with genocide. The court's decision is opposed by the African Union, League of Arab States, Non-Aligned Movement, and the governments of Russia and the People's Republic of China. The latest leak from WikiLeaks allegedly reveals that the Sudanese president had embezzled state funds amounting to U.S. $ 9 billion. This is justified by the International Criminal Court prosecutor who said it has evidence of corruption.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Omar Al-Bashir."
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