Erdogan: Corruption case an attempted coup by judiciary

ANKARA, Turkey, Jan. 4 (UPI) -- Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan said Saturday an investigation into corruption in his government is a coup attempt by the judiciary.

Turkey celebrates 90th anniversary on Republic Day

ANKARA, Turkey, Oct. 29 (UPI) -- Turkey kicked off its 90th anniversary Tuesday with a ceremony at the mausoleum of the country's founder, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk.
NATO needs to talk Turkey

NATO needs to talk Turkey

HERNDON, Va., Oct. 29 (UPI) -- It is time to "talk turkey" about Turkey's role in NATO.
JAMES ZUMWALT, UPI Outside View Commentator
Many Turkish protesters refuse to meet with Erdogan

Many Turkish protesters refuse to meet with Erdogan

ISTANBUL, Turkey, June 12 (UPI) -- Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan met Wednesday with leaders of the protests that have roiled Istanbul for more than two weeks, officials said.

Turkey protests a new threat to Syria peace efforts

ISTANBUL, Turkey, June 7 (UPI) -- Europeans are worried Turkey's controversial handling of protests over a minor urban development in Istanbul is damaging the whole EU-NATO peacemaking and security project in Syria.

Turkey's late-night alcohol ban sends mixed signals

ANKARA, Turkey, May 24 (UPI) -- As widely expected, Turkey's ban on late-night alcohol sales sent mixed signals about its perceived link to the politics of Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

The almanac

UPI Almanac for Sunday, May 19, 2013.
By United Press International

Iraqi Kurds 'close energy deal with Turks'

ERBIL, Iraq, May 14 (UPI) -- Iraq's Kurds are reported to have reached a secret deal with Turkey under which the Kurds' semiautonomous enclave will ship oil to Turkey for export.

Analysis: Al-Qaida to attack Turkey?

Experts are worried that Turkey will soon be hit by an al-Qaida-orchestrated terror attack.
STEFAN NICOLA, UPI Correspondent

Thousands protest Turkey's Islamist tilt

ANKARA, Turkey, April 13 (UPI) -- An estimated 20,000 protesters demonstrated in Ankara against the Islamist agenda of Turkey's ruling Justice and Development Party, police said.

Turkey closer to ending headscarf ban

ANKARA, Turkey, Feb. 7 (UPI) -- A constitutional amendment that would lift the ban on religious headscarves at Turkish universities passed a first vote in Parliament this week by a 4-1 margin.

Franco-Pak-Turk connection

WASHINGTON, Nov. 7 (UPI) -- Why President Bush's French and Turkish visitors to the Oval Office this week are both connected to the Pakistan crisis.
MARTIN WALKER, UPI Editor Emeritus

Turkish party promises presidential vote

ANKARA, Turkey, July 27 (UPI) -- An opposition party has used a parliamentary maneuver to revive Turkish Foreign Minister Abdullah Gul's hope of becoming president.

Polls open in crucial Turkish election

ANKARA, Turkey, July 21 (UPI) -- Polls opened at 7 a.m. Sunday in eastern Turkey for a general election called because Parliament could not agree on a new president.

Church-state relations protested in Turkey

ANKARA, Turkey, April 14 (UPI) -- A protest by nearly 300,000 people Saturday in the Turkish capital of Ankara was aimed at separating religion from the nation's governmental system.
Page 1 of 3
Kemal Ataturk

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (pronounced  or Kamâl Atatürk; 19 May 1881 by a posteriori–10 November 1938) was an Ottoman and Turkish army officer, revolutionary statesman, writer, and the first President of Turkey. He is credited with being the founder of the Republic of Turkey.

Atatürk was a military officer during World War I. Following the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in World War I, he led the Turkish national movement in the Turkish War of Independence. Having established a provisional government in Ankara, he defeated the forces sent by the Allies. His military campaigns gained Turkey independence. Atatürk then embarked upon a program of political, economic, and cultural reforms, seeking to transform the former Ottoman Empire into a modern, westernized and secular nation-state. The principles of Atatürk's reforms, upon which modern Turkey was established, are referred to as Kemalism.

Mustafa was born in either the Ahmed Subaşı neighbourhood or the Islahhane Street (present-day Apostolu Pavlu Street) in the Koca Kasım Pasha neighbourhood (this house is preserved as a museum) in Salonica, Ottoman Empire, to his mother Zübeyde Hanım (a housewife) and father Ali Rıza Efendi (a militia officer, title deed clerk and lumber trader). Only one of Atatürk's siblings, a sister named Makbule (Atadan) survived childhood; she died in 1956. According to Andrew Mango, he was born into a family which was Muslim, Turkish-speaking and precariously middle-class. Time magazine states that Mustafa Kemal's father was of Albanian and his mother was of Macedonian origin, and Patrick Kinross wrote that he was "as fair as any Slav from beyond the Bulgarian frontier" with "fine white skin" and "eyes of a deep but clear light blue." According to Encyclopaedia Judaica, one assertion that was commonly made by many Jews of Salonika was that Kemal Atatürk was of Doenmeh origin. This view was eagerly embraced by many of Atatürk’s religious opponents and denied by the Turkish government. His father Ali Rıza is thought to be of Albanian origin; however, according to Falih Rıfkı Atay, Ali Rıza's ancestors were from Söke in the Aydın Province of Anatolia. His mother Zübeyde is thought to be of Turkish origin and according to Şevket Süreyya Aydemir, she was of Yörük ancestry.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Kemal Ataturk."
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