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Cuban believed world's oldest person

HAVANA, Feb. 13 (UPI) -- Cuban officials have said a man living on the island nation is the oldest human on the planet.

Omar Bashir named world's worst dictator

NEW YORK, Feb. 12 (UPI) -- Parade magazine's yearly list of the planet's 10 worst living dictators has named Sudan's Omar Bashir as the head of world's most ignominious class.

The Almanac

Today is Sunday, Jan. 30, the 30th day of 2005 with 335 to follow.
By United Press International

Global View: Bold Bush's second

It is Presidential inauguration week in the United States and the country's great traditions are on display.
IAN CAMPBELL, United Press International

Some Cuban dissidents to leave island

MIAMI, Jan. 14 (UPI) -- Some of the dissidents recently released from Cuban prisons are looking forward to getting out of the country, at least for awhile, The Miami Herald reported Fr

Indictments detail mob in Florida

TAMPA, Fla., Jan. 4 (UPI) -- Federal indictments in Florida show New York's Gambino crime family has been trying to put down roots in the state for nearly two decades.

The Almanac

Today is Monday, Jan. 3, the third day of 2005, with 362 to follow.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Saturday, Jan. 1, the first day of 2005. There are 364 days to follow.
By United Press International

UPI Energy Watch

WASHINGTON, Dec. 29 (UPI) -- Iran's Oil Minister, Bijan Namdar Zanganeh, announced on Dec. 27 that Iran intends to become one of the world's major producers of petrochemical products. Iran'
ANDREA R. MIHAILESCU, Energy Correspondent

The Almanac

Today is Wednesday, Dec. 22, the 357th day of 2004 with nine to follow.
By United Press International

Cuban family seeks painting left in Cuba

MIAMI, Dec. 16 (UPI) -- A wealthy south Florida family is accusing Sotheby's auction house of knowing where a valuable painting is, but refusing to disclose the information.

Castro's grandaughter becomes U.S. citizen

MIAMI, Dec. 16 (UPI) -- A granddaughter of Cuban President Fidel Castro has been sworn in as a citizen of the United States in ceremonies in Miami Beach, Fla.

Cuba prepares for possible U.S. attack

HAVANA, Dec. 14 (UPI) -- Cuba's military is preparing for what its government says is eventual aggression from the United States, Reforma reported Tuesday.

The Almanac

Today is Tuesday, Dec. 14, the 349th day of 2004 with 17 to follow.
By United Press International

Cuba mobilizing its troops

HAVANNA, Cuba, Dec. 13 (UPI) -- Cuba is mobilizing hundreds of thousands of troops and reservists to conduct the communist nation's largest military exercise in two decades. The island's official Granma newspaper reported online Monday that the operation dubbed Bastion 2004 is an effort
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Fidel Castro
Cuban President Fidel Castro is pictured in this July 26, 1984 file photo during celebrations in Cienfuegos, Cuba marking the 31st anniversary of the start of the Cuban Revolution. (UPI Photo/FILE)
Wiki

Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (Spanish: ; born August 13, 1926) is a Cuban revolutionary and politician, having held the position of Prime Minister of Cuba from 1959 to 1976, and then President from 1976 to 2008. He also served as the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba from the party's foundation in 1961 until 2011. Politically a Marxist-Leninist, under his administration Cuba was converted into a one-party socialist state, with industry being nationalised under state ownership and socialist reforms implemented in all areas of society.

Born the illegitimate son of a wealthy farmer, Castro became involved in leftist and anti-imperialist politics whilst studying law at the University of Havana. Subsequently involving himself in several armed rebellions against rightist governments in the Dominican Republic and Colombia, he went on to conclude that the U.S.-backed Cuban President Fulgencio Batista, who was widely seen as a dictator, had to be overthrown. To this end he led an armed attack on the Moncada Barracks in 1953, but this failed and he was imprisoned. Getting out of prison after a year, he travelled to Mexico, and with the aid of his brother Raúl Castro and friend Che Guevara, he assembled together a group of Cuban revolutionaries, the July 26 Movement. Returning with them to Cuba, he took a key role in the Cuban Revolution, leading a successful guerilla war against Batista's forces, with Batista himself fleeing into exile in 1959.

Castro subsequently came to power and shortly thereafter became Prime Minister of Cuba. His anti-imperialist views alarmed the United States, who through the CIA organised the failed Bay of Pigs invasion in 1961 to overthrow his government, before proceeding to orchestrate repeated assassination attempts against him and implement an illegal economic blockade of Cuba. This only served to turn him further against the U.S., instead forging an alliance with the Soviet Union and allowing them to store nuclear weapons on the island, leading to the events of the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962. Adopting Marxism-Leninism as his guiding ideology, in 1961 he proclaimed the socialist nature of the Cuban revolution, and in 1965 became First Secretary of the newly founded Communist Party of Cuba, with all other parties being abolished. He then led the transformation of Cuba into a socialist republic, nationalising industry and introducing free healthcare and education for all.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Fidel Castro."
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