The Almanac

Today is Wednesday, Jan. 29, the 29th day of 2003 with 336 to follow.
By United Press International

The Bottom Line: The China canard

WASHINGTON, Nov. 15 (UPI) -- China is passing the torch from Jiang Zemin, outgoing head of the Communist Party, to Hu Jintao, the new head of the party's powerful Standing Committee and thus, de facto head of state. Investors, naturally, wonder about the country's economic course.

The Almanac

Today is Saturday, Nov. 9, the 313th day of 2002 with 52 to follow.
By United Press International

Washington Agenda-Federal

By United Press International

Economics key to China leadership change

SHANGHAI, Sept. 10 (UPI) -- As China prepares for a historic leadership change this fall, major economic issues remain at the forefront of the debate over succession as supporters and oppo
CHRISTIAN M. WADE, UPI Business Correspondent

Feature: China wrestles with healthcare

SHANGHAI, May 15 (UPI) -- For less than a dollar, visitors to Dr. Cai Bao's health clinic get a full physical examination and a set of inoculations, along with a heavy dose of reality.
CHRISTIAN WADE, UPI Business Correspondent

Socialism, Marx and causation

WASHINGTON, April 23 (UPI) -- The collapse of socialism has enticed commentators to make rash generalizations about causality in human affairs.

China's entrepreneurs call for protection

SHANGHAI, April 11 (UPI) -- When Zhou Liangxi was forced out of her office space by a Beijing-based real estate developer last year, she turned to the local courts to prevent the small adv
CHRISTIAN M. WADE, UPI Correspondent

Analysis: Can India catch China?

WASHINGTON, March 27 (UPI) -- For 20 years, authoritarian China has appeared many in America to be a far more successful model for free market economic growth than democratic India, but that Conventional Wisdom may be a lot real than it looks.
MARTIN SIEFF, Senior News Analyst

Analysis: China's looks for large WTO role

SHANGHAI, March 14 (UPI) -- Shrugging off the impact of the global economic slowdown, Chinese officials are pledging to take on a dominant new role in the international markets, using the
BY CHRISTIAN WADE, UPI Business Correspondent

The Almanac

Today is Sunday, Feb. 24, the 55th day of 2002 with 310 to follow. The moon is waxing, moving toward its full phase.
By United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Tuesday, Feb. 19, the 50th day of 2002 with 315 to follow. The moon is waxing, moving toward its first quarter.
By United Press International

A Blast From The Past

, Feb. 19 (UPI) -- Today is Feb. 19. At dawn on this date in 1945, U.S. Marines began landing on the Japanese-held island of Iwo Jima, opening one of the bloodiest battles in the Pacific during World War II.
PENNY NELSON BARTHOLOMEW, United Press International

A Blast From The Past

Today is Feb. 18. Jefferson Davis was sworn in as provisional president of the Confederate States of America on this date in 1861.
PENNY NELSON BARTHOLOMEW, United Press International

The Almanac

Today is Friday, Nov. 9, the 313th day of 2001 with 52 to follow.
By United Press International
Page 5 of 6
Deng Xiaoping
Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping lights up a cigarette in this 1985 file photo. (UPI Photo/Files)

Deng Xiaoping (IPA: ( listen); 22 August 1904  – 19 February 1997) was a Chinese politician, statesman, theorist, and diplomat. As leader of the Communist Party of China, Deng was a reformer who led China towards a market economy. While Deng never held office as the head of state, head of government or General Secretary of the Communist Party of China (historically the highest position in Communist China), he nonetheless served as the paramount leader of the People's Republic of China from 1978 to 1992.

Born into a peasant background in Guang'an, Sichuan, China, Deng studied and worked in France in the 1920s, where he came under the influence of Marxism. He joined the Communist Party of China in 1923. Upon his return to China he worked as a political commissar in rural regions and was considered a "revolutionary veteran" of the Long March. Following the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949, Deng worked in Tibet and other southwestern regions to consolidate Communist control. He was also instrumental in China's economic reconstruction following the Great Leap Forward in the early 1960s. His economic policies were at odds with the political ideologies of Chairman Mao Zedong. As a result, he was purged twice during the Cultural Revolution but regained prominence in 1978 by outmaneuvering Mao's chosen successor, Hua Guofeng.

Inheriting a country fraught with social and institutional woes resulting from the Cultural Revolution and other mass political movements of the Mao era, Deng became the core of the "second generation" of Chinese leadership. He is considered "the architect" of a new brand of socialist thinking, having developed Socialism with Chinese characteristics and led Chinese economic reform through a synthesis of theories that became known as the "socialist market economy". Deng opened China to foreign investment, the global market, and limited private competition. He was generally credited with developing China into one of the fastest growing economies in the world for over thirty years and raising the standard of living of hundreds of millions of Chinese.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Deng Xiaoping."
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