Headscarf ban continues in Turkey

Headscarf ban continues in Turkey

ANKARA, Turkey, June 5 (UPI) -- Turkey's highest court has upheld a ban on Muslim headscarf wearing at the nation's universities.

Barroso visits Turkey

ANKARA, Turkey, April 12 (UPI) -- Jose Manuel Barroso, head of the European Commission, said the European Union hopes Turkey will become a member.

Germany sets parameters for e-mail spying

KARLSRUHE, Germany, Feb. 27 (UPI) -- Germany's highest court Wednesday said Trojan computer spyware may be used legally in counter-terrorism operations.

Romania eases law for dismissing president

BUCHAREST, Romania, May 3 (UPI) -- Romania's Constitutional Court ruled the head of state can be dismissed with a simple majority of voters who cast their ballots in a referendum, media said.

Ukraine court to rule on elections

KIEV, Ukraine, April 25 (UPI) -- Closed door hearings by Ukraine's Constitutional Court on the presidential move to dissolve the nation's Parliament are underway.

Ukraine political brawl continues

KIEV, Ukraine, April 9 (UPI) -- Ukraine's parliament is seeking international mediation in the dispute in its power struggle with President Viktor Yushchenko.

Berlusconi bribery case returns to court

ROME, Feb. 16 (UPI) -- The Italian Supreme Court Friday ordered reconsideration of an appeal of former Premier Silvio Berlusconi's bribery acquittal.

Slovakia court compensates Gypsy women

BRATISLAVA, Slovakia, Feb. 5 (UPI) -- A court in Slovakia ruled three Gypsy women had their human rights violated when prosecutors shelved complaints about their illegal sterilization. The Constitutional court ordered the women of the southeastern town of Kosice to be paid $1,865 each in dama

Italians vote on constitutional reform

ROME, June 25 (UPI) -- Italian citizens headed to the polls Sunday to vote on sweeping constitutional reforms aimed at restructuring parts of the country's government. ANSA reported that Italy's centre-right political party led by former Prime Italian Minister Silvio Berlusconi

Germany rules 9-11 probe unconstitutional

KARLSRUHE, Germany, May 23 (UPI) -- Germany's highest court on Tuesday curtailed the police's powers to investigate electronic databases at random in search of possible terrorists.

Italian court says no to mom's last name

ROME, Feb. 17 (UPI) -- Italy's Constitutional Court has upheld a law preventing children from taking their mother's last name as a surname unless the father is unknown.

S. African high court allows gay marriage

BLOEMFONTEIN, South Africa, Dec. 1 (UPI) -- Gay marriage became legal in South Africa Thursday when the country's Constitutional Court ruled banning it is unconstitutional.

South African court allows gay marriages

JOHANNESBURG, South Africa, Dec. 1 (UPI) -- South Africa's highest court has ruled in favor of same-sex marriages banned under current law, reports the BBC.

Atheist challenges Russian national anthem

MOSCOW, Nov. 9 (UPI) -- An atheist activist has brought a lawsuit to challenge the word "God" in the lyrics to the Russian national anthem, The Moscow Times reported Wednesday.

Tatars told it's 'komrade' with a K

MOSCOW, Nov. 16 (UPI) -- Russia's Constitutional Court has ruled the Republic of Tatarstan must stick to using and teaching the Cyrillic alphabet to avoid limiting "freedom of citizens.
Page 7 of 9
Constitutional Court
Supporters of Ukrainian Prime Minister Viktor Yanukovich rally outside the Constitutional Court in Kiev on April 20, 2007. Yanukovich expressed his hope on Friday to eliminate all differences next week with President Yushchenko and end a standoff over the president's dissolution of parliament. (UPI Photo/Sergey Starostenko)

A constitutional court is a high court that deals primarily with constitutional law. Its main authority is to rule on whether or not laws that are challenged are in fact unconstitutional, i.e. whether or not they conflict with constitutionally established rights and freedoms.

The list in this article is of countries that have a separate constitutional court. Many countries do not have separate constitutional courts, but instead delegate constitutional judicial authority to their supreme court. Nonetheless, such courts are sometimes also called "constitutional courts"; for example, some have called the Supreme Court of the United States "the world's oldest constitutional court" because it was the first court in the world to invalidate a law as unconstitutional (Marbury v. Madison), even though it is not a separate constitutional court. Austria established the world's first separate constitutional court, conceptualised by Hans Kelsen, in 1920 (though it was suspended, along with the constitution that created it, from 1934 to 1945); before that, only the U.S. and Australia had adopted the concept of judicial review through their supreme courts.

Countries with separate constitutional courts include:

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Constitutional Court."
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