The full House committee voted 24-17 in favor of the Northern Route Approval Act, a measure that would make it easier for pipeline company TransCanada to build the cross-border Keystone XL pipeline.
Committee Chairman U.S. Rep. Doc Hastings, R-Wash., blamed Obama blocking the pipeline.
"This important legislation will prevent the Obama administration from imposing further delays on the Keystone XL pipeline and I look forward to further action on this bill from the full House of Representatives," he said in a statement.
Concerns about the pipeline's route through Nebraska forced TransCanada to revise Keystone XL plans, creating a headache for supporters. Canadian officials have defended their environmental record against claims that production of tar sands oil, the type designated for Keystone XL, leads to more greenhouse gas emissions.
A report from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency doubted a U.S. State Department assessment that questioned some of the emission figures. Hastings looked to the State Department's report as evidence the pipeline would have "no significant environmental impacts."