Tung Chee-hwa, GBM (born 7 July 1937 , Shanghai, China) was the first elected Chief Executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China. Before the handover Tung was known as a conservative businessman with traditional Chinese values and strong connections to the Central Government. Tung graduated from the University of Liverpool.
Tung is the eldest son of Chinese shipping magnate Tung Chao Yung who found Orient Overseas Container Line (OOCL) - one of the world's largest shipping and logistics companies. In 1981, after his father's death, Tung took over his family business - OOCL. Just after 4 years' operation, in 1985, OOCL almost bankrupted. In 1986, the government of the People's Republic of China throught Henry Fok Ying Tung rescued the company from the brink.
He took office on 1 July 1997 after the handover of Hong Kong from the United Kingdom to the People's Republic of China, and was elected again to a second five-year term in 2002. He gained the nickname "Old Confused Tung" (traditional Chinese: 老懵董) due to his apparent bungling and decision paralysis.