Sergei Ivanovich Shmatkó (born September 26, 1966) is a Russian businessman and politician specializing in the energy industry. Since May 2008, he is the Minister of Energy.
Shmatko was born in Stavropol (South-West of Russia). He earned degrees from both Urals State University in Yekaterinburg (USSR), and the University of Marburg in West Germany.
His business career from 1992 involved stints consulting in Germany and Russia, and working at the All-Russia Bank of Regional Development. He was appointed head of economic strategy at Rosenergoatom in 1997, and in 2005 became president of Russia's nuclear-power export monopoly, Atomstroyexport.