Images for Iraq for the fifth year of the Baathist government fallIraq Press Roundup Apr 02, 2008
It was difficult, according to the U.S. administration's view, to build a state on the wreck of a government that emptied Iraq by shedding blood and oppressing political powersIraq Press Roundup Apr 01, 2008
We may not be able to reach Washington, but we could send someone with an explosives belt to WashingtonSaddam allegedly targeted Israel Mar 23, 2008
One is weapons of mass destruction, the second is support for terrorism, the third is the criminal treatment of the Iraqi peopleWalker's World: Why the war worked Mar 19, 2008
I am not the ex-president of Iraq. I am still the president of IraqSaddam says Iran threat to Iraq, docs say Jul 03, 2009
Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti (Arabic: صدام حسين عبد المجيد التكريتي Ṣaddām Ḥusayn ʿAbd al-Maǧīd al-Tikrītī; 28 April 1937 – 30 December 2006) was the fifth President of Iraq, serving in this capacity from 16 July 1979 until 9 April 2003. A leading member of the revolutionary Ba'ath Party, which espoused a mix of Arab nationalism and Arab socialism, Saddam played a key role in the 1968 coup that brought the party to long-term power.
As vice president under the ailing General Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr, and at a time when many groups were considered capable of overthrowing the government, Saddam created security forces through which he tightly controlled conflict between the government and the armed forces. In the early 1970s, Saddam nationalized oil and other industries. The state-owned banks were put under his control, leaving the system eventually insolvent. Through the 1970s, Saddam cemented his authority over the apparatuses of government as oil money helped Iraq's economy to grow at a rapid pace. Positions of power in the country were filled with Sunnis, a minority that made up only a fifth of the population.
Saddam suppressed several movements, particularly Shi'a and Kurdish movements seeking to overthrow the government or gain independence, respectively. Saddam maintained power during the Iran–Iraq War of 1980 through 1988. In 1990 he invaded and looted Kuwait. An international coalition came to free Kuwait in the Gulf War of 1991, but did not end Saddam's rule. Whereas some venerated him for his aggressive stance against Israel, including firing missiles at Israeli targets, he was widely condemned for the brutality of his dictatorship.