Rasim Ljajić (Serbian Cyrillic: Расим Љајић; born 28 January 1964 in Novi Pazar) is the current Minister of Labor, Employment, and Social Affairs of Serbia since 15 May 2007. He is a medical graduate. He is the President of the Social Democratic Party of Serbia, elected on 21 January 2007 on the list of the Democratic Party in the parliament, where it has three seats. Ljajić is also the president of the National Council for Cooperation with the Hague Tribunal.
In 1990, he was elected Secretary General of the Party of Democratic Action of Sandžak as one of its founding fathers, a branch of the SDA in the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina aimed at gathering Muslims in and related to Bosnia. In 1993 he left the party and with dissidents formed the Sandžak Democratic Party, criticizing Sulejman Ugljanin for being an extremist and endorsing separatism from Yugoslavia in an effort to join an enlarged Bosnia dominated by Bosnian Muslims. He specifically criticized Ugljanin's personal support in the Bosnian war and his connection with the Wahhabias.
One of the Democratic Opposition of Serbia ringleaders, he became Minister of Human and Minority Rights in 2000 after the fall of Slobodan Milošević, and his mandate as a minister was extended in the rump DS-led 2001 government. He is also the long-term Head of the Coordination Team with the Hague Tribunal.