Petach Tikvah (unofficially)
Petah Tikva (Hebrew: פֶּתַח תִּקְוָה, IPA: , "Opening of Hope") known as Em HaMoshavot ("Mother of the Moshavot"), is a city in the Center District of Israel, 10.6 km (6.59 mi) east of Tel Aviv. Petah Tikva's jurisdiction covers 35,868 dunams (~35.9 km² or 15 sq mi). The population density is approximately 5,800 inhabitants per square kilometre (15,000 /sq mi). According to the Central Bureau of Statistics, at the end of 2009, the city's population stood at 209,600.
The name of Petach Tikva was chosen by its founders in 1878 from the prophecy of Hosea (2:17), "And I will give her vineyards from thence, and the Valley of Achor for an opening of hope: and she shall sing there, as in the days of her youth, and as in the day when she came up out of the land of Egypt."