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John Hope was a British merchant, writer and politician in the eighteenth century who briefly served as Member of Parliament for Linlithgowshire before being dismissed by his cousin John Hope, 2nd Earl of Hopetoun after conflict over the John Wilkes affair. Following his dismissal from Parliament, Hope embarked on a career as a poet and essayist and raised three sons following the suicide of his wife in 1767. His sons were all prominent men, becoming a noted judge, general and admiral in turn.

John Hope was born in 1739, the son of Charles Hope and Catherine Weir and grandson of Charles Hope, 1st Earl of Hopetoun. His father had three wives and nine children in succession and George Johnstone Hope was a much younger half-brother. He was educated at Enfield Grammar School, Middlesex until he was 13, when he was sent to Amsterdam to learn the merchant trade from a Dutch branch of the family.

Hope returned to in 1759 and operated as a London merchant, although with indifferent success. In 1762 he married Mary Breton, but five years later she committed suicide, leaving him with three young boys. These sons later became Charles Hope, Lord Granton, a noted judge, John Hope, a general under Wellington in the Peninsular War and William Johnstone Hope, a politician and admiral. Hope later raised an epitaph to his wife in Westminster Abbey.

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