Jean Stapleton (born Jeanne Murray; January 19, 1923) is an American character actress of stage, television and film. Stapleton is best known for her portrayal of Edith Bunker, née Baines, the long-suffering, yet devoted wife of Archie Bunker (played by Carroll O'Connor) and mother of Gloria Bunker Stivic (played by Sally Struthers), on the 1970s situation comedy All in the Family. Stapleton was also seen as Edith Bunker in the All in the Family follow-up series Archie Bunker's Place, but she left that show after one season.
Born in New York City, she began her career there in American Gothic, an Off Broadway play. She has been featured on Broadway in several hit musicals, such as Damn Yankees, Funny Girl, Bells Are Ringing, and Juno. She has guest starred in many television series, including the role of Rosa Criley in the 1963 episode "The Bride Wore Pink" on NBC's medical drama about psychiatry, The Eleventh Hour.
In 1982, Stapleton portrayed Eleanor Roosevelt in a television production of the First Lady's later life. Critics noticed the slight physical resemblance between the two women, which worked to the program's advantage. In 1998, and for a few years afterward, Stapleton took her "Eleanor" characterization to live theaters, now adapted as a one-woman show.