George Lincoln Rockwell (March 9, 1918 – August 26, 1967) was the founder of the American Nazi Party. Rockwell was a major figure in the neo-Nazi movement in the United States, and his beliefs and writings have continued to be influential among white nationalists and neo-Nazis.

Rockwell was born in Bloomington, Illinois, the first of three children to George Lovejoy "Doc" Rockwell and Claire Schade Rockwell. His father was born in Providence, Rhode Island, and was of English and Scottish descent. His mother was the daughter of Augustus Schade, a German immigrant, and Corrine Boudreau, who was of Acadian French ancestry. Both parents were vaudeville comedians and actors, and his father's acquaintances included Fred Allen, Benny Goodman, Walter Winchell, Jack Benny, and Groucho Marx. His parents divorced when Rockwell was six years old, and divided his youth with his mother in Atlantic City, New Jersey, and with his father in Boothbay Harbor, Maine.

Rockwell attended Atlantic City High School in Atlantic City, and applied to Harvard University when he was 17 years old. He was denied admission. One year later, his father enrolled him at Hebron Academy in Hebron, Maine. There he was an avid reader of Western philosophy and socially significant novels, leading him to re-examine the topic of religion. He had initially perceived himself as a devout Protestant, however after reading the Bible numerous times, he perceived religion as a necessary pillar to civilization. He contemplated the possibility of a "total intelligence" existing in the universe, and identified as an agnostic. Despite this, he promoted the Christian Identity sect in the 1960s.

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