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Armed robbers pulled the Edvard Munch painting "The Scream," from the walls of the Munch Museum and escaped in broad daylight in Oslo on August 22, 2004. Masked thieves also stole Munch's "Madonna," which shows a bare-breasted woman with flowing black hair. Witnesses say the men were dressed in black and threatened guards with guns as they ran to their car with the paintings. "The Scream," first painted in 1893 is one of four versions created. Ten years ago the best-known version was stolen from Oslo's National Art Museum but was recovered three months later. (UPI Photo/Bill Greenblatt)
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Edvard Munch (Norwegian pronunciation: , 12 December 1863 – 23 January 1944) was a Norwegian Symbolist painter, printmaker and an important forerunner of expressionist art. His best-known composition, The Scream, is part of a series The Frieze of Life, in which Munch explored the themes of love, fear, death, melancholia, and anxiety.

Edvard Munch was born in a rustic farmhouse in the village of Ådalsbruk in Løten, Norway to Christian Munch, the son of a priest. Christian was a doctor and medical officer who married Laura Catherine Bjølstad, a woman half his age, in 1861. Edvard had an older sister, Johanne Sophie (born 1862), and three younger siblings: Peter Andreas (born 1865), Laura Catherine (born 1867), and Inger Marie (born 1868). Both Sophie and Edvard appear to have inherited their artistic talent from their mother. Edvard Munch was related to painter Jacob Munch (1776–1839) and historian Peter Andreas Munch (1810–1863).

The family moved to Christiania (now Oslo) in 1864 when Christian Munch was appointed medical officer at Akershus Fortress. Edvard’s mother died of tuberculosis in 1868, as did Munch's favorite sister Johanne Sophie in 1877. After their mother's death, the Munch siblings were raised by their father and by their aunt Karen. Often ill for much of the winters and kept out of school, Edvard would draw to keep himself occupied, and received tutoring from his school mates and his aunt. Christian Munch also instructed his son in history and literature, and entertained the children with vivid ghost-stories and tales of Edgar Allan Poe.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Edvard Munch."