Jump to
Latest Headlines Wiki
share with facebook
share with twitter
1 of 5
Dr. Benjamin Hooks, founder of the Children's Health Foundation. talks with friends during the presentation of the Champion for Children award at City Hall in St. Louis on February 28, 2005. Hooks presented the Mayor with the award for his work in protecting children from the harmful exposures to lead hazards. Four years ago St. Louis was one of the most dangerous communities in the country in percentage of children with elevated blood levels. St. Louis, with the help of numerous community groups have successfully implemented solutions decreasing the number of affected children. (UPI Photo/Bill Greenblatt)
| License Photo
Benjamin Hooks News

Benjamin Lawson Hooks (January 31, 1925 – April 15, 2010) was an American civil rights leader. A Baptist minister and practicing attorney, he served as executive director of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) from 1977 to 1992, and throughout his career was a vocal campaigner for civil rights in the United States.

Benjamin Hooks was born in Memphis, Tennessee. He was the fifth of seven children of Robert B. Hooks and Bessie White Hooks. His father was a photographer and owned a photography studio with his brother Henry known at the time as Hooks Brothers, and the family was fairly comfortable by the standards of black people for the day. Still, he recalls that he had to wear hand-me-down clothes and that his mother had to be careful to make the dollars stretch to feed and care for the family.

Young Benjamin’s paternal grandmother, Julia Britton Hooks (1852–1942), graduated from Berea College in Kentucky in 1874 and was only the second American black woman to graduate from college. She was a musical prodigy who began playing piano publicly at age five, and at age 18 joined Berea’s faculty, teaching instrumental music 1870–72. Her sister, Dr. Mary E. Britton, also attended Berea, and became a physician in Lexington, Kentucky.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License.
It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Benjamin Hooks."