Annette Lu (traditional Chinese: 呂秀蓮; simplified Chinese: 吕秀莲; pinyin: Lǚ Xiùlián; POJ: Lū Siù-liân; born June 7, 1944), a Taiwanese politician, is a former Vice President of the Republic of China (Taiwan) and member of the Democratic Progressive Party. Lu is a prominent feminist activist and became the first female vice president in 2000. She announced her intentions to run for president on March 6, 2007, but withdrew in order to rally behind DPP presidential nominee, Frank Hsieh.
Lu was born in Taoyuan County, in northern Taiwan. After graduating from Taipei First Girls' High School, she studied law at the National Taiwan University. Graduating in 1967, she went on to gain a master's degree from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and another degree from Harvard University.
During the 1970s Lu established herself as a prominent feminist advocate in Taiwan, which included writing of New Feminism or Xin Nüxing Zhuyi (新女性主義). She renounced her prior KMT membership, also joined the Tangwai movement, and worked on the staff of Formosa Magazine. Surviving throat cancer in 1974, she spoke at the rally that precipitated the Kaohsiung Incident and was subsequently sentenced to 12 years for sedition. She served five years and four months before being given a medical parole due to thyroid cancer. Due to the male-dominated culture and combative nature of Taiwan politics, Lu, like several other female politicians subsequently, was nicknamed a "small chili pepper." She was elected to the Legislative Yuan in 1993. In 1997 she won an election to be a magistrate in Taoyuan, replacing her predecessor, who was murdered.