Anatoly Borisovich Chubais (Russian: Анато́лий Бори́сович Чуба́йс; born June 16, 1955) is a Russian politician and business manager who was responsible for privatization in Russia as an influential member of Boris Yeltsin's administration. From 1998 to 2008 he was the head of the state owned electrical power monopoly Unified Energy System. The 2004 survey by PricewaterhouseCoopers and Financial Times named him the world's 54th most respected business leader Currently he is the head of the Russian Nanotechnology Corporation (since 22 September 2008) and a member of the Advisory Council for JPMorgan Chase (since 26 September 2008).
Chubais was born on June 16, 1955 in the town of Borisov, Belarus, then part of the Soviet Union. His father Boris Matveyevich Chubais, a retired colonel, veteran of the World War II worked as a lecturer of Philosophy and Scientific Communism. His mother, Raisa Efimovna Sagal, was a university-educated economist but never had a job as she mostly lived at military bases with her husband. Anatoly Chubais has an older brother Igor Chubais (born 1947), who is also an economist.
In 1977, Chubais graduated from the Leningrad Economic Engineering Institute and joined the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. He continued to work at Leningrad Economic Engineering Institute. In 1982 he became an Associate Professor (доцент) there. In 1983 he got his Candidate of Sciences (Ph.D.) degree in economics for the dissertation "Исследование и разработка методов планирования совершенствования управления в отраслевых научно-технических организациях" (Research and development of methods for planning improvement of management in the industrial research and development organizations).