UPI Almanac for Saturday, Aug. 19, 2017

On Aug. 19, 1991, a coup orchestrated by hard-line Communists removed Mikhail Gorbachev as president of the Soviet Union.
By United Press International  |  Aug. 19, 2017 at 3:00 AM
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Today is Saturday, Aug. 19, the 231st day of 2017 with 134 to follow.

The moon is waning. Morning star is Venus. Evening stars are Jupiter and Mercury

Those born on this date are under the sign of Leo. They include aviation pioneer Orville Wright in 1871; French fashion designer Coco Chanel in 1883; humorist Ogden Nash in 1902; publisher Malcolm Forbes in 1919; Star Trek creator Gene Roddenberry in 1921; writer Frank McCourt in 1930; actor Diana Muldaur in 1938 (age 79); actor Jill St. John in 1940 (age 77); drummer Ginger Baker (Cream) in 1939 (age 78); singer Johnny Nash in 1940 (age 77); actor and former U.S. senator Fred Thompson in 1942; Bill Clinton, 42nd president of the United States, in 1946 (age 71); former second lady Tipper Gore in 1948 (age 69); political commentator Mary Matalin in 1953 (age 64); actor Gerald McRaney in 1947 (age 70); actor Jonathan Frakes in 1952 (age 65); actor Peter Gallagher in 1955 (age 62); actor Adam Arkin in 1956 (age 61); actor John Stamos in 1963 (age 54); actor Kyra Sedgwick in 1965 (age 52); singer Lee Ann Womack in 1966 (age 51); actor Matthew Perry in 1969 (age 48); rapper Fat Joe in 1970 (age 47); actor Callum Blue in 1977 (age 40); actor Melissa Fumero in 1982 (age 35); actor Erika Christensen in 1982 (age 35); singer Christina Perri in 1986 (age 31); author Veronica Roth in 1988 (age 29).

On this date in history:

In 1812, the U.S. Navy frigate Constitution defeated the British ship Guerriere in a furious engagement off the coast of Nova Scotia and earned its nickname of "Old Ironsides." Witnesses said British shots seemed to bounce off the Constitution.

In 1953, the Iranian military overthrew the government led by Premier Mohammed Mossadegh and reinstated the shah.

In 1960, U-2 spy plane pilot Francis Gary Powers was convicted in a Moscow court and sentenced to 10 years in prison. He was released 18 months later in exchange for Soviet spy Rudolf Abel.

In 1977, Julius "Groucho" Marx, leader of the Marx Brothers comedy troupe, died at the age of 87.

In 1987, gun enthusiast Michael Ryan went on a shooting rampage in Hungerford, England, killing 16 people.

In 1991, a coup orchestrated by hard-line Communists and led by Vice President Gennady Yanayev removed Mikhail Gorbachev as president of the Soviet Union. The coup would endure for three days before being put down. The action led to the dissolution of the Soviet Union which would formally occur on December 26, 1991.

In 1992, delegates to the Republican National Convention nominated President George H.W. Bush and Vice President Dan Quayle for re-election. They were defeated in November by Democrats Bill Clinton and Al Gore.

In 1995, three U.S. negotiators, including Deputy Assistant Secretary of State Robert Frasure, were killed when their vehicle plunged from a mountain road near Sarajevo in Bosnia and Herzegovina

In 1996, the Green Party nominated Ralph Nader as its presidential candidate.

In 2003, Sergio Vieira de Mello, the United Nations' representative to Iraq, was killed in a car-bomb attack on U.N. headquarters in Iraq.

In 2008, the resignation of Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf was followed by insurgent bombing attacks that killed roughly 100 people.

In 2009, two massive bomb attacks killed at least 95 people and injured more than 600 others in Baghdad. It was said to be the worst attack in the region since the U.S. military gave control of the country's security back to the Iraqi government.

In 2013, an express train killed at least 37 people and injured many others crossing tracks at a remote transit station in the eastern India state of Bihar. After the accident, an angry mob severely beat the operator of the train, authorities said.

In 2015, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the so-called "female Viagara," called Addiya to treat sexual disorder in premenopausal women.

A thought for the day: "The older I get the better I used to be." -- golfer Lee Trevino

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