Maria Ressa, the first woman to win a Nobel Prize this year, is a forceful critic of the Philippines government under President Rodrigo Duterte and his violent war on drugs in the island nation. The committee called her a "fearless defender of freedom of expression." File Photo by John Angelillo/UPI | License Photo
Oct. 8 (UPI) -- Two journalists from Russia and the Philippines -- Dmitry Muratov and Maria Ressa -- were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize on Friday for their work in countries where the press often comes under attack from hostile authoritarian governments.
The Norwegian Nobel Committee said the pair have made tireless efforts to maintain press and speech freedoms while under constant threat and harassment.
Ressa, 58, is the co-founder of the Philippines digital media outlet Rappler and Muratov is the longtime editor of and co-founder of the independent Novaja Gazeta newspaper in Russia.
The two were recognized with the Nobel Prize on Friday for their investigative reporting amid ferocious pushback from their governments.
"Ms. Ressa and Mr. Muratov are receiving the Peace Prize for their courageous fight for freedom of expression in the Philippines and Russia," the committee said in a statement.
"At the same time, they are representatives of all journalists who stand up for this ideal in a world in which democracy and freedom of the press face increasingly adverse conditions."
Rappler and Ressa, the first woman to win a Nobel Prize this year, are forceful critics of the Philippines government under President Rodrigo Duterte and his violent war on drugs in the island nation. The committee called Ressa a "fearless defender of freedom of expression."
"Ressa and Rappler have also documented how social media is being used to spread fake news, harass opponents and manipulate public discourse," the committee said.
Ressa is also the first Filipino to win a Nobel Prize.
Novaja Gazeta has functioned as one of Russia's most independent newspapers since 1993, and Muratov has been editor-in-chief since 1994. The paper has covered corruption, police violence, unlawful arrests and electoral fraud in Russia and exposed "troll factories" used by Russian military forces both inside and outside of Russia.
"Novaja Gazeta's opponents have responded with harassment, threats, violence and murder," the committee said. "Since the newspaper's start, six of its journalists have been killed, including Anna Politkovskaja who wrote revealing articles on the war in Chechnya.
"Despite the killings and threats, editor-in-chief Muratov has refused to abandon the newspaper's independent policy."
"Rappler is honored -- and astounded -- by the Nobel Peace Prize Award given to our CEO Maria Ressa," the outlet said in a statement. "It could not have come at a better time -- a time when journalists and the truth are being attacked and undermined."
Friday's Peace Prize was the last of the five major Nobel Prizes awarded each year. A semiofficial prize, the Nobel Prize for Economic Sciences, will be awarded on Monday.
U.S.-based scientists David Julius and Ardem Patapoutianwon the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine Monday; Syukuro Manabe, a senior meteorologist at Princeton University, shared the Nobel Prize in Physics with Klaus Hasselmann and Giorgio Parisi on Tuesday; Professor David MacMillan of Princeton University and German scientist Benjamin List won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry on Wednesday; and novelist Abdulrazak Gurnah, an African immigrant who detailed the experiences of refugees and the impact of colonialism, won the Nobel Prize in Literature on Thursday.