Abdulrazak Gurnah, an African immigrant who often detailed the experiences of refugees and the impact of colonialism, was awarded the 2021 Nobel Prize in Literature on Thursday. Image courtesy of Nobel Prize/Twitter
Oct. 7 (UPI) -- Novelist and retired English Professor Abdulrazak Gurnah, an African immigrant who detailed the experiences of refugees and the impact of colonialism, was awarded the 2021 Nobel Prize in Literature on Thursday.
Born in Zanzibar, Gurhah is the fifth African to win the award. He was raised on the autonomous island off the eastern coast of Tanzania before his family emigrated to Britain as refugees in the 1960s.
An author of 10 novels, he recently retired from the University of Kent in Canterbury.
In Thursday's announcement, the Swedish Academy said Gurnah was recognized "for his uncompromising and compassionate penetration of the effects of colonialism and the fate of the refugee in the gulf between cultures and continents."
Three of Gurnah's novels -- Memory of Departure, Pilgrims Way and Dottie -- all focused on being an immigrant in Britain. His novel Paradise, about an African boy dealing with colonialism, made the shortlist for the prestigious Booker Prize in 1994.
Gurnah's was the fourth Nobel Prize awarded this week. The fifth and final official award, the Nobel Peace Prize, will be given out on Friday. A semiofficial prize, the Nobel Prize for Economic Sciences, will be awarded on Monday.
U.S.-based scientists David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine on Monday. Syukuro Manabe, a senior meteorologist at Princeton University, shared the Nobel Prize in Physics with Klaus Hasselmann and Giorgio Parisi on Tuesday. Professor David MacMillan of Princeton University and German scientist Benjamin List won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry on Wednesday.