March 16 (UPI) -- Canada, France, Russia and Sudan closed their borders on Monday in response to the COVID-19 outbreak.
Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau announced that foreign nationals from all countries except for the United States will no longer be allowed to enter Canada as the nation will limit international flight arrivals to four major airports.
"This does not include air crews, travelers heading to a third country, diplomats, immediate family members of Canadian citizens, or permanent residents," Trudeau said.
Russia said it would close its borders to foreigners with some exceptions until May 1, while Sudan closed all sea ports, land crossings and airports.
"All travel between non-European countries and the European Union will be suspended. French people abroad who want to return will of course be able to join their country," he said.
The World Health Organization said in an update Monday there has been a "rapid escalation" of coronavirus cases and the European Union proposed a 30-day ban on non-essential travel into the bloc.
The WHO said the vast majority of new cases in recent days have been recorded outside the original epicenter in China, and that Europe and Iran are now the hardest-hit areas.
"More cases and deaths have now been reported in the rest of the world than in China," said WHO Director-general Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, who added that the global response is improving and lagging in some places.
A Johns Hopkins University tally stood Monday at nearly 175,000 cases worldwide and more than 6,700 deaths. More than 77,500 people have recovered, the university indicates.
"We have seen a rapid escalation in social distancing measures, like closing schools and cancelling sporting events and other gatherings," Ghebreyesus said. "But we haven't seen an urgent enough escalation in testing, isolation and contact tracing, which is the backbone of the COVID-19 response."
The WHO chief urged every country to "test, test, test" in conjunction with social distancing, saying one is not sufficient without the other.
European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen on Monday announced a temporary halt to non-essential travel to the European Union for 30 days. Under the plan, a "fast lane" will be established to give priority to essential transport for goods and commuters.
Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte said Italy faces its greatest test since World War II, as the death toll mounted to 1,809 -- nearly one-third of the world total.
"It's the time for sacrifices, for responsible choices," he told the daily Corriere della Sera. "Since the start I have worked with a spirit of unity, putting health at the center. We are facing an emergency that has not been known since the Second World War."
The head of the Italian doctors' union said more than 2,000 Italian health workers, including doctors and nurses, have been infected.
In Spain, in the number of new cases surged by 1,000 Monday, health officials said -- a jump of 13 percent.
The mortality rate has remained at around 3 percent, officials said. There are about 300 deaths and 540 recoveries.
Madrid regional premier Isabel Díaz Ayuso and Begoña Gómez, the wife of the Spanish prime minister, said they have tested positive.
Sunday, the Spanish government said private health providers would be temporarily taken over and put in the service of the national healthcare system for the first time in Spain's history.
Macron announced a 15-day lockdown to begin at noon Tuesday.
French health officials say there are more than 5,400 cases and 127 deaths. Jerome Salomon, director general of country's health service, said the number of new cases has doubled about every three days.
"I want our citizens to realize that there are people who are sick, who are in intensive care and that [their number] runs into hundreds," he said.
Germany has joined several neighbors in restricting free travel within the European Union's Schengen network of open internal borders.
German Interior Minister Horst Seehofer announced the new restrictions late Sunday, which will affect frontiers with Switzerland, France, Austria, Denmark and Luxembourg.
"Travelers without a valid reason to travel can no longer enter," he said, adding there will be exceptions for goods traffic and commuters.
More than 5,800 coronavirus cases have been recorded in Germany. Thirteen patients have died and almost 50 have recovered, health officials said.
Austria was the first to restrict borders when it set up checkpoints along its Alpine border with Italy, which has since emerged as the disease's epicenter in Europe. Austria is now demanding that travelers from Italy produce proof they have been cleared by doctors.
Germany has joined Slovenia, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, the Czech Republic and Cyprus in imposing border restrictions.